6th International Young Scientist Congress (IYSC-2021) and workshop on Intellectual Property Rights on 8th and 9th May 2021.  International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Effect of lock down during COVID-19 prevention program on migrant labours in India

Author Affiliations

  • 1DLLL & E, Panjab University, Chandigarh, India

Int. Res. J. Social Sci., Volume 9, Issue (4), Pages 51-55, October,14 (2020)

Abstract

The emerging and uncontrollable pandemic COVID-19 problem has affected each individual of the world in one form or the other in versatile ways. In spite of tremendous efforts of government to provide daily needs and necessary requirements of common man, instability has arisen amongst people of different professions. Present study demonstrates the effect of lock down on migrant labours of India. Various challenges faced by migrant labours, abnormality in lifestyles and role of community in contributing to unstable lifestyle of migrant labours during lock down period are discussed and analyzed. The drastic deterioration of socio-economic and other factors in second phase of lock down in comparison to first lock down phase are also discussed. Measures taken by government of India to tackle migrant labours issues and its further consequences from future aspects are elaborated in the present work.

References

  1. Gandhi R. (2020)., Impact of COVID-19 on Chandigarh-Its causes, consequences and role of community in preventing its transmission., International Journal of Applied Research, 6(4), 308-313.
  2. Srivastava R. and Sutradhar, R. (2016)., Labour Migration to the Construction Sector in India and its Impact on Rural Poverty., Indian Journal of Human Development, 10(1), 27-48.
  3. Jean Drèze, Farzana Afridi, Purnima Menon and Shahid Vaziralli (2020)., The impact of COVID-19 on informal and migrant workers in India, 13th May, 2020 https:// www.theigc.org/event/the-impact-of-covid-19-on-informal-and-migrant-workers-in-india/ Accessed 11/07/2020.
  4. Gupta, R. Pal and S.K. Pandey, G. (2020)., A Comprehensive Analysis of COVID-19 Outbreak situation in India., https://doi.org/10.1101/2020.04.08.20058347
  5. Nivriti Mohan (2020)., Coronavirus lockdown had devastating impacts on migrant workers in Delhi, but there were large and beneficial behavioral changes., Zee news, https://zeenews.india.com/india/coronavirus-lockdown-had-devastating-impacts-on-migrant-workers-in-delhi-but-there-were-large-and-beneficial-behavioral-changes-2284244. html. Accessed 11/07/2020.
  6. Bhatia, R. and Abraham, P. (2020)., Lessons learnt during the first 100 days of COVID-19 pandemic in India., Indian J Med Res, 151, 387-391 DOI:10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_1925_ 20.
  7. Khetrapal, S. and Bhatia, R. (2020)., Impact of COVID-19 pandemic on health system & Sustainable Development Goal 3., Indian J. Med. Res., 151, 395-399. DOI: 10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_1920_20
  8. PTI (2020)., Lockdown in India has impacted 40 million internal migrants: World Bank., The Economic Times, 2020, April 23, https://economictimes.indiatimes.com/ news/politics-and-nation/lockdown-in-india-has-impacted-40-million-internal-migrants-world-bank/articleshow/ 75311966.cms?from=mdr. Accessed 11/07/2020.
  9. Ashok, S. and Thomas, N. (2014)., A study on issues of inter -state migrant labourers in India., International Journal of Scientific & Engineering Research, 5(7) 91-94.
  10. A. Ray (2020)., Coronavirus lockdown: Indian Railways starts first special train for migrant workers., Livemint (2020, May 1) https://www.livemint.com/news/india/first-special-train-starts-for-migrant-workers-amid-coronavirus-lockdown-11588313205885.html. Accessed 11/07/2020.
  11. Mohanakumar, S. (2018). Deepak K. Mishra (Ed.)., Internal Migration in Contemporary India., The Indian Journal of Labour Economics, 61, 181-185, https://doi.org /10.1007/s41027-018-0129-0
  12. A. Mahale (2020)., First special train with migrant workers leaves from Mumbais LTT., (2020, May 9) https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/other-states/first-special-train-with-migrant-workers-leaves-from-mumbais-ltt/article31539287.ece. Accessed 11/07/2020.
  13. Varshney, M., Parel, J. T., Raizada, N., & Sarin, S. K. (2020)., Initial psychological impact of COVID-19 and its correlates in Indian Community: An online (FEEL-COVID) survey., Plos one, 15(5), e0233874.
  14. Kumar, S.U., Kumar, D.T., Christopher, B.P., Doss and C.G.D. (2020)., The rise and impact of COVID-19 in India., Frontiers in Medicine, https://doi.org/10.3389/ fmed.2020.00250.
  15. Aishwarya Shree (2020)., All the celebrities who are donating to support those affected by COVID-19., Vogue Newsletter (2020, April 3) https://www.vogue.in/whats-new/content/celebrities-who-are-donating-to-charities-covid-19. Accessed 11/07/2020.
  16. Outlook Web Bureau (2020)., Here is list of celebrities, corporates and ministers who donated to fight coronavirus., Outlook: the fully loaded magazine (2020, March 30) https://www.outlookindia.com/website/story/india-news-heres-a-list-of-celebrities-corporates-and-ministers-donate-to-fight-coronavirus/349718. Accessed 11/07/2020.
  17. OpIndia Staff (2020)., As India fights Wuhan Coronavirus, here is a list of prominent Hindu Temples and religious leaders helping India through donations and welfare., Op India (2020, March 31) https://www.opindia.com/2020/03/hindu-temples-donate-coronavirus-food-welfare/. (Accessed 11/07/2020)
  18. Sruthisagar Yamunan (2020)., Why isnt there a Vande Bharat mission to get Indias migrant workers home?., The Daily Fix, Scroll. in (2020, May 14), https://scroll.in/article/961882/why-isnt-there-a-vande-bharat-mission-for-indias-migrant-workers-to-get-home. Accessed 11/07/2020.
  19. Czaika, M. & Vothknecht, M. (2014)., Migration and Aspirations-Are Migrants Trapped on a Hedonic Treadmill?., IZA Journal of Development and Migration, 3(1), 1-21.
  20. Deshingkar, P., Khandelwal R. and Farrington J. (2008). Support for migrant workers: The missing link in Indias development, Natural Resource Perspectives, 117:1-4., undefined, undefined
  21. Reja M.S. and Das, B. (2019)., Labour Migration within India: Motivations and Social Networks., South Asia Research, 39(2), 125-142.
  22. Geeta Pandey (2020)., Coronavirus in India: Desperate migrant workers trapped in lockdown., BBC News, Delhi, (2020, April 22) https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-india-52360757. Accessed 11/07/2020.
  23. Rajesh Roy (2020)., India Tries to Stem Migrant Worker Exodus Amid Coronavirus Lockdown., The Wall Street Journal, (2020, March 29), https://www.wsj.com/ articles/india-tries-to-stem-migrant-worker-exodus-amid-coronavirus-lockdown-11585499312 Accessed 11/07/2020.
  24. Somesh Jha (2020)., Covid-19 impact: Govt begins mapping of migrant workers for relief measures., Business standard (2020, April 10) https://www.business-standard.com/article/economy-policy/coronavirus-lockdown-govt-mapping-migrant-workers-for-relief-measures-120040901787_1.html . Accessed 11/07/2020
  25. Jawhar Sircar (2020)., A Long Look at Exactly Why and How India Failed Its Migrant Workers., The Wire (2020, May 29) https://thewire.in/labour/lockdown-migrant-workers-policy-analysis. Accessed 11/07/2020.
  26. Asmita Nandy (2020)., Fact Check: Is Centre Really Giving Free Rail Tickets to Migrants?., The quint, (2020, May 6) https://www.thequint.com/news/india/who-is-paying-railway-tickets-for-migrant-workers-in-india-centre-85-states-15. Accessed 11/07/2020.
  27. Special correspondent (2020)., 60 lakh migrants took 4,450 Shramik specials to reach their home States: Railways., The Hindu (2020, June 15), https://www.thehindu.com/ news/national/60-lakh-migrants-took-4450-shramik-specials-to-reach-their-home-states-railways/article31834 747.ece. Accessed 11/07/2020.
  28. T.K. Arun (2020)., View: Run trains for migrants to reach home., The Economic Times (2020, May 15), https://economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/economy/policy/view-run-trains-for-migrants-to-reach home/articleshow/ 75757152.cms?from=mdr. Accessed 11/07/2020.
  29. Press Trust of India (2020)., Railway Guidelines Say Trains For Migrant Workers Will Run Only If States Collect Ticket Fare: Report., Huffpost News (2020, May 4), https://www.huffingtonpost.in/entry/indian-railways-trains-for-migrant-workers_in_5eaf77abc5b64d2049626f1 6. Accessed 11/07/2020.
  30. Press Trust of India (2020)., 1,074 Special Trains Ferried 14 Lakh Migrant Workers Home: Railways., NDTV full coverage CORONA VIRUS (2020, May 16) https://www.ndtv.com/ india-news/coronavirus-lockdown-indian-railways-says-1-074-shramik-special-trains-reach-14-lakh-migrant-workers-home-uttar-pradesh-allows-most-to-return-2229976. Accessed 11/07/2020.