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Female labour force participation trends in India (A comparison with BRICS countries)

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Economics, B.S.R. Government Arts College, Alwar, Rajasthan-301 001, India
  • 2Raj Rishi Bhartrihari Matsya University, Alwar, Rajasthan-3001 001, India

Int. Res. J. Social Sci., Volume 9, Issue (2), Pages 32-38, April,14 (2020)


Any discussion on the developmental process and strategies is incomplete without assessing the role of women in socio-economic activities. Discrimination against women is widely prevalent in almost all societies, whether it is developed or developing. Women′s crucial role in socio-economic activities has made them an essential part of the world labor market. In India for rapid and sustainable development, women′s share in the economic sphere is a prerequisite. Unfortunately, despite their immense contribution to the primary sector, they are not viewed as being within the production system, and their economic contribution to their families is often underappreciated. The higher number of females are doing work in unskilled areas and the areas where simple or traditional skills are required. Human resource is an essential prerequisite for the development of a country. Thus, the exclusion of females from the labor force, which constitute nearly half the population amounts to wastage of scarce human resources. This paper analyses the trends of female participation in the labor force by comparing gender patterns in labor markets. Human resources are vital to economic growth because they are active agents which accumulate capital, exploit natural resources, perform other social and economic activities, and carry forward economic development. Moreover, it is well known that the optimum of India and BRICS countries. It also identifies the factors responsible; for low Female Labour Force Participation Rates.


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