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Social mobilization and sustainable livelihood: a case of the self help groups in North East, India

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Social Work, School of Social Sciences, Mizoram University, Aizawl, Mizoram, India
  • 2Department of Social Work, School of Social Sciences, Mizoram University, Aizawl, Mizoram, India

Int. Res. J. Social Sci., Volume 9, Issue (1), Pages 46-50, January,14 (2020)

Abstract

Self help group (SHG) is the vehicle to fight against poverty and provide employment opportunities to the lives of the poor and marginalized section of the population. The north eastern part of India is considered as one of the backward parts of India in terms of development. Agriculture is the prominent employment provider in the region. The slow – down of socio-economic and infrastructure developments are responsible by the political situation, ethnic conflict and insurgency. Therefore, the present paper attempts to highlight on the importance of strategic intervention of social mobilization through SHGs for the promotion of sustainable livelihood as it serves as one of the effective approaches to enhance people′s participation towards development. Thus, the government agencies and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) recognized SHGs as the means to eradicate poverty, promoting sustainable livelihood and enhancing empowerment. As sustainable livelihood is being one of the key factors that tackle poverty particularly in the rural areas and it is also a strategy that ensures the continuance of managing present demands for livelihood without compromising the future generation. This paper gathers its information from the secondary sources such as books; reports and journals related to social mobilization, sustainable livelihood and self help groups.

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