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Youth Policies, Participation and Community Engagements

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Development Studies, North-West University (Mafikeng Campus), Private Bag X2046, Mmabatho 2735, South Africa

Int. Res. J. Social Sci., Volume 7, Issue (3), Pages 1-8, March,14 (2018)

Abstract

The United Nations (UN) has characterised the youth as embodying the hope for the future and the aspiration of all societies. As such, the youth are encouraged to participate in municipal development programmes, activities and elections. This can be done amongst others through local youth councils. The youth council is an organisation of the youth with the aim to promote and protect the interest of the youth. They also represent the youth in governance of municipality. In South Africa, Department of Social Development White Paper for Social Welfare defines youth as all those between the ages of 16 and 30 years of age. The Correctional Services also refers to the youth as all those in the age range 14 to 25 years of age. The National Health Policy Guidelines focus on the adolescent and the youth as all those between 10 and 24 years of age. The African Youth Charter also defines youth as those between the ages of 15 years and 35 years and excludes the 14 year olds. The paper reviews the factors that hinder/promote youth participation in rural community activities, elections and projects in the Mafikeng Local Municipality (MLM). It also examine the role of the LYC in involving the youth in community activities in MLM. The study used open-ended questionnaires and interviews in gathering data. This method enabled the respondents to respond beyond the borders of the questionnaires.

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