Environmental health situation analysis in Bisate Health Center
- 1The Diane Fossey Gorilla Fund International, Rwanda
Int. Res. J. Social Sci., Volume 6, Issue (9), Pages 1-11, September,14 (2017)
The poor status of health is related to various issues such as malnutrition resulting from bad nutritional practices, inadequate number of healthcare facilities, the prevalence of unhealthy lifestyles, law educational levels and limited access to safe water, poor sanitation and the lack of preventive public health intervention. Despite all the progress reported world-wide in recent decades, more than 2.3 billion people still live without access to sanitation facilities and are unable to practice such basic hygiene as washing their hands with soap and water. In 1998, 2.2 million people died because of diarrheal diseases, of which the vast majority were children. Improvement of hygiene and sanitation must go hand in hand with hygiene behaviour change. Access to sanitation facilities is a fundamental right that safeguards health and human dignity. The main causes of morbidity and mortality in Rwanda are mainly communicable or environmental-related diseases which are preventable through hygiene and behaviors change. With regard to prevention and control of nosocomial infection in health facilities, regular water supply, soap for hand washing, disinfectants, adequate equipment and appropriate healthcare waste disposal facilities must always be available. This environmental health situation analysis has revealed the reality on the ground regarding the environmental and public health situation in the health center catchment area. The challenges observed with regard to public and environmental health, arising from inadequate toilets and the presence of flies appear to be observed across the zone of radiation for the health center as a whole.
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