9th International Science Congress (ISC-2019).  International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

An Overview on Romanian Tourism to the Middle East: Possibilities of Travel to and Knowledge of the Region

Author Affiliations

  • 1The Bucharest University of Economic Studies, Romania

Int. Res. J. Social Sci., Volume 5, Issue (8), Pages 26-41, August,14 (2016)

Abstract

This paper aims to draw a picture of the tourist relations between Romania and the Middle East, a region which has become more prominent on the country\'s tourist market in the last decade. There are two facts that make this region attractive to Romanians. The first one is that it is new and new destinations, surrounded by a small amount of mystery and exoticism always appeal to the market. The second reason is that the array of destinations in this region is suitable for a large number of types of tourism: coastal tourism, religious tourism, shopping tourism and of course, cultural tourism. However, even if as already mentioned, mystery and exoticism have the potential to make a destination more attractive, too much of this, especially mystery, can have the exact opposite effect in tourism, driving customers away. Considering this, it was decided to split this paper in two main parts: the first one analyzes the current state of the tourist offer to the Middle East in Romania by means of analyzing the offers of certain tour operators and the second one is a direct research which had the purpose to determine the level of knowledge the survey\'s subjects had regarding the Middle East and tourism to this region.

References

  1. Baron R., Zielke N., Zintel M. and Schäfer (2009)., Tourism Industry in Turbulent Times: Identifying Ways out of the Economic Crisis., ADL Publishing, Brussels, 3-9.
  2. Ciuchete S. and Stănciulescu G. (2012)., Risk Management for Tour Operators on a European Level., The Academy of Economic Studies, Bucharest, 27.
  3. Gnoth J. (2002)., Leveraging Export Brands through a Tourism Destination Brand., Journal of Brand Management, 9, Palgrave Macmillan, Basington, 262.
  4. Hankinson G. (2004)., The Brand Images of a Tourist Destination: A Study of Saliency of Organic Images., Journal of Product & Brand Management, 13, 1, Emerald Publishing, Bingley, 6.
  5. Porter M. (2011)., The Competitive Advantage of Nations : creating and sustaining superior performance., MacMillan Press, London, 70.
  6. Minciu R. (2000)., The Economy of Tourism., Publishing House Uranus, Bucharest, 169.
  7. Kotler P. (2008)., Principles of Marketing., 10th edition, Pearson Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJ, 19.
  8. Massoulié F. (2003)., Conflicts of the Middle East., Editura BIC ALL, Bucharest, 17.
  9. Özalp O.N. (2011)., Where is The Middle East? The Definition and Classification Problem of the Middle East as a Regional Subsystem in International Relations., Turkish Journal of Politics, 2(2), Fatih University, Istanbul, 19.
  10. Teclean C. (2011)., The Arab World: An Intermediary Geopolitical Space., Editura PIM, Iași, 25.
  11. Stănciulescu G. (2002)., Tourist Agency Management., Editura ASE, Bucharest, 92.
  12. Country Profile: Turkey (2008)., Library of Congress., Federal Research Division, Washington, DC, 6.
  13. Marić V. (2006)., Cyprus., 3rd edition, Lonely Planet, Melbourne, 26.
  14. De Deugd N. (2009)., The Boundries of Europe and the Borders of the European Union: Overlapping or Competing Concepts?., University of Groningen, Groningen, 4-7.
  15. Robinson G.E. (2012)., Syria’s Long Civil War., Current History, no. 9, New York City, NY, 332.
  16. Erovik K. (2011)., Al Bustan Palace Joins Ritz Carlton Family., http://www.examiner. com/article/jewel-of-oman-al-bustan-palace-joins-ritz-carlton-family, retrieved 15 March 2016.
  17. Yazıcı E., Güner Ş., Taşkın S., Özsoy G., Özözlü H., Aydoğmuş T. and Sayılan F. (2003)., Turkey, MERT Basım, Istanbul, 125-165.
  18. Morelli V. (2013)., Cyprus: Reunification Proving Elusive., Congressional Research Service, Washington, DC, 2.
  19. Greenway P. (2007)., Jordan., 6th edition, Lonely Planet, Melbourne, 141.
  20. Jacobs D. (2011)., Rough Guides: Jerusalem., Editura Litera, Bucharest, 248.
  21. Holloway J.C., Humphreys C. and Davidon R. (2009)., The Business of Tourism., 8th edition, Pearson Education, Harlow, 264.
  22. Biotechnology Report (2010)., Special Eurobarometer., 341/Wave 73.1 – TNS Opinion and Social, Brussels, 341.
  23. Ministry of Foreign Affairs (2016)., Travel Conditions - Iran., http://mae.ro/travel-conditions/3707
  24. Akhbari M. and Zolfeghbari H. (2009)., A Geopolitical Analysis of Ethnicity in Iran, with Emphasis on Challenges and Opportunities., Geopolitics Quarterly, 5(3), Iranian Association of Geopolitics, Teheran, 51.
  25. Wöbke M. (2011)., Baedeker’s Dubai & United Arab Emirates., Karl Baedeker Verlag, Ostfildern, 33.
  26. Attitudes towards European Union Enlargement (2006)., Special Eurobarometer., 255/Wave 65.2 – TNS Opinion and Social, Brussels, 71.
  27. Al-Sharif O. (2013)., Is Jordan’s Arab Spring Over?., http://www.al-monitor.com/pulse/originals/2013/09/jordan-arab-spring-over.html retrieved 19 March 2016.
  28. Bacik G. (2013)., Turkey’s Negotiations with the PKK: Contents, Dynamics, Risks and Possible Outcomes., GMF Offices, Ankara, 3.
  29. Tarnby M. (2008)., The Mujahedin in Nagorno-Karabakh: A Case Study in the Evolution of Global Jihad., Elcano Newsletter, 45, 13, Madrid, 4.
  30. Aerotravel (2016)., Aerotravel - Plane Tickets., http://www.aerotravel.ro/, retrieved 21 March 2016.
  31. Euro lines (2016)., Bus Lines., http://www.eurolines.ro/, retrieved 21 March 2016.
  32. Blake J. and Chiesa T. (2013)., The Travel and Tourism Competitiveness Report 2013., World Economic Forum, Geneva, 23.
  33. Opinion Polls: Politics and Religion (2011)., SIGMA Conseil., Tunis, 2-7.
  34. Chiesa T. and Blake J. (2011)., The Travel and Tourism Competitiveness Report 2011., World Economic Forum, Geneva, 473.