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Livelihood, Climate Change and Fisheries: A Case Study of Three Fishing Communities of Northwestern Bangladesh

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Fisheries, University of Rajshahi, Rajshahi 6205, Bangladesh
  • 2Department of Sociology, University of Rajshahi, Rajshahi 6205, Bangladesh
  • 3Department of Sociology, Varendra University, Rajshahi 6204, Bangladesh
  • 4Department of Fisheries, University of Rajshahi, Rajshahi 6205, Bangladesh and Geography and Planning, University of New England, Armidale, NSW, Australia
  • 5Department of Fisheries, University of Rajshahi, Rajshahi 6205, Bangladesh

Int. Res. J. Social Sci., Volume 5, Issue (8), Pages 18-25, August,14 (2016)

Abstract

This paper describes the livelihood status of three riverine fishing communities, i.e. the Brahmaputra, the Fakirni, and the Mahananda; in relation to climate change issues and fisheries in the northwestern Bangladesh based on a detailed survey, questionnaire based interview and focus group discussion carried out from January 2013 to December 2014. The highest mean age (44.68±14.37 years) was recorded for the fishermen of the Brahmaputra River. Over one-third (76-92%) of the members were Muslim and the remaining were Hindu. Experience of fishing in the river was positively correlated with age but negatively with the level of education (p<0.01). Poor level of education was found for majority of the respondents and it was negatively correlated with the age of the respondents (p<0.01). Though small amount of household and agricultural lands were found to be owned and operated by the fishers but there was no one owned a water body. Access to non-government organizations by the respondents was more common than that of government organizations&

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