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Determinants of Inter and Intra caste Differences in Utilization of Maternal Health Care Services in India: Evidence from DLHS-3 Survey

Author Affiliations

  • 1 International Institute for Population Sciences, Deonar, Mumbai, INDIA
  • 2 Centre for the Study of Regional Development, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, INDIA

Int. Res. J. Social Sci., Volume 4, Issue (1), Pages 27-36, January,14 (2015)

Abstract

This paper examines utilization of maternal health care services within and across social groups among married women in India using data from third round of District Level Household and Facility Survey conducted during 2007-08. Maternal health care utilization is measured through full antenatal care, safe delivery and postnatal care. Besides, selected socioeconomic and demographic factors have been included as predictor variables. Bi-variate, logistic regression and concentration curve have been employed to understand the inter-caste differences, net effect of the predictor variables on selected outcomes and intra-caste differentials respectively. Our findings show significant difference in the utilization of maternal health care services by caste, women’ age at first birth, educational attainment, place of residence, economic status and region. Besides, high inequality is found among poor and non-poor in ‘Other’ Caste followed by Other Backward Classes. This paper concludes that Scheduled Tribe and Scheduled Caste married women bear the multiple burdens of social exclusion, poverty and womanhood in patriarchal Indian society. As a result, their conditions are worse on utilizing maternal health care services which could lead to higher maternal and child mortality rate.

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