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The Relationship between form of Social Capital and Secondary Schools Students’ Education Achievement in Kedah

Author Affiliations

  • 1 School of Government, UUM College of Law, Government and International Studies (UUM COLGIS) 06010 UUM Sintok, Kedah DarulAman, MALAYSIA

Int. Res. J. Social Sci., Volume 3, Issue (5), Pages 12-21, May,14 (2014)

Abstract

The concept of social capital discussed in a variety of disciplines such as sociology, economics, anthropology, biology and others disciplines. Previous research found that student’s social capital which generated from student’s social relations with parents, teachers and peers had a significant influence on student achievement. Why do some social groups report low education attainment? The objective of this paper is to describe the difference between school students race variables with social capital variable (social capital variable refers to form of social capital included social bonds, social bridges and social links); and to describe relationship between form of social capital with students’ education achievement.This descriptive causal research investigated the effects of social capital variables on education achievement. The unit of analysis was at micro-level using questionnaire survey and nonprobability sample of 867 respondents in 2012. Less of social capital reduces the probability of reporting high education achievement. The students who have social bonds and social links report high education achievement. Students with different race report less social bonds. The results confirm that social bonds and social links affect the reporting of high educational achievement in surveys.

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