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Organic Farming and Horticulture: New Dimensions of Agriculture Development in MP, India

Author Affiliations

  • 1 School of Studies in Economics, Vikram University, Ujjain MP, INDIA

Int. Res. J. Social Sci., Volume 2, Issue (7), Pages 14-18, July,14 (2013)

Abstract

Agriculture is the dominant sector of Madhya Pradesh economy; which determines the growth and sustainability.Organic farming essentially that is not only chemical free produce but also same or higher yield with lower input cost. Madhya Pradesh has 10.8 lakh acres organic cultivation area in 2009-10. Cotton has been identified as major organic produce in the state; besides that fruits, vegetables and herbal plants also contribute a lot due to large forest cover in the state. Climate and soil of Madhya Pradesh is favorable for growing of horticultural crops. Horticulture is the fastest growing sector within agriculture. Madhya Pradesh is producing about 7.69 mMT of horticulture produce from an area of 0.75 mha and accounts for 3.20 percent of the total horticulture production of the country. The major share of horticulture produce is from vegetables (48.08 %) and fruits (43.85 %). The main objective of the study is to analyze organic farming and horticulture as new dimensions of agriculture development in Madhya Pradesh. We also analyze area and production of main organic crops of Madhya Pradesh and area, production and productivity of major crops of horticulture in Madhya Pradesh. We use secondary data for this study.

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