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Restorative Justice and Victims: Right to Compensation

Author Affiliations

  • 1 Dept of Criminology and Forensic Science, Karnataka Science College Dharwad, INDIA

Int. Res. J. Social Sci., Volume 2, Issue (2), Pages 43-47, February,14 (2013)

Abstract

The proponents of the justice argue that punishment is society’s customary response to crime; it neither meets the need of victim nor prevents re-offending. Restorative justice aims at encouraging offenders to take responsibility for the consequences of their actions, express repentance and repair the harm they have done. Restorative justice also emphasizes the reintegration of offenders into communities rather than their control through strategies of punishment and exclusion. Restorative justice is an evolving response to crimes that respect the dignity and equality of each person, builds understanding, and promotes social harmony. This process Provides an opportunity for victims to obtain reparation, feel safer and seek closure, allow offenders to game insight into the cause and effects of their behavior and take responsibility in a meaningful way, and enable communities to understand the underlying causes of crime. What required is a paradigm-shift from punitive justice, to restorative justice, which will meet to the need for restitution or reparation of harm to the victims and prevail over demand for punishment. In the light of above, an attempt will be taken to analyse the position of the victim under criminal justice system and the existing law on the victim’s right and compensation in India.

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