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Genesis and Evaluaton Political Parties in India

Author Affiliations

  • 1 Center for Regional Studies, School of Social Science, University of Hyderabad, INDIA

Int. Res. J. Social Sci., Volume 2, Issue (2), Pages 56-62, February,14 (2013)

Abstract

Indian party system is unique. It does not fit into any kind of classification that is generally used to categorise the party systems. It is defined by the singular nature of Indian politics, on the one hand, and the nature of the state-society relationship on the other. In the last two decades, there has been a substantial change both in the nature of politics as well as in nature of relationship between the state and the society. One of the very important manifestations of change is visible in the context of the politicisation of the greater number of people, especially those belonging to the less privileged sections of society. That explains the change in the nature of the party system as well. The distinctive features that defined the party system of India in the first two decades after independence are no more to be seen at present. In order to understand the present nature of the party system, it is important to trace its history and to refer to its political logic in the context of the changing state-society relationship. This article deals with the nature of the party system in India. It aims at underlying the evolution of the party system in the pre and post-independence period. To understand the nature of the party system in India and identify its various characteristics, analyses the changing nature of party system and explains the emerging patterns and discuss the socio-economic and the political factors underlying the changing nature of party politics.

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