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Characterization and Water Productivity of Irrigated Farms At Project Site Fateh Jang: A Case Study

Author Affiliations

  • 1 Social Sciences Research institute, (NARC), Islamabad, PAKISTAN

Int. Res. J. Social Sci., Volume 2, Issue (12), Pages 6-12, December,14 (2013)

Abstract

This study was conducted to evaluate the achievable ranges of water productivity for wheat, sorghum, maize, turnip, radish and methi of irrigated farms around project site in tehsil Fatehjang of Punjab-Pakistan. The results of the study show that agriculture and livestock played an imperative role as a main source of income of the respondents. The major crops grown in rabi and kharif on small and large scale were wheat, maize, sorghum, chilies, radish, turnip, onion, cucumber etc. It was assessed that water productivity at the field of farmers were low and this was due to over irrigation and no proper idea of exact irrigation timing and knowledge about high efficiency irrigation system. The average yields for wheat, sorghum, maize, turnip, radish and methi were found to be 2,832, 277, 1888, 18476, 18226 and 3359 kg/ha respectively. Whereas the average water productivities were 0.46, 0.22, 0.31, 1.91, 1.88 and 0.34 kg/m respectively. The comparative analysis of the water productivity indicates that sorghum has the lowest water productivity followed by the maize and methi while turnip has the highest water productivity followed by the radish and wheat. There is enormous gap in water productivity of most crops between the highest and the lowest productive farmers. Hence, there is an immense capacity to increase the water productivity by adopting proper parameter of water and non-water inputs up to assured levels without compromising on the yield.

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