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Use of underground space for future needs of Mumbai, India

Author Affiliations

  • 1Consultant Engineering Geologist cum Geotechnical, Mumbai, India

Res. J. Engineering Sci., Volume 8, Issue (2), Pages 23-28, May,26 (2019)

Abstract

Mumbai is economical capital as well as most populated city of India and landlocked by sea. Most of the surface land obtained through filling of sea, started from mid-18th century. Mumbai's population is increasing at rapid rate and government bodies are trying to facilitate the basic infrastructures for local public. But due to limitation of open surface land, underground space is utilizing for development. Many underground projects such as drinking water supply, road and railway transportation projects are under progress. But present infrastructures look little bit, compared to population increasing rate in Mumbai and nearby areas. In this paper, tried to discussed about benefits and challenges for using underground space in Mumbai, list of present underground projects and on the basis of previous population increase rate, projected the Mumbai's future population in coming 15 years, as well as tried to short out the basic infrastructure issue by proposing the more combined utilization of underground space as multipurpose large diameter tunnel. This proposed tunnel would be beneficial in future transport as well as flood/storm water management also.

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