3rd International Young Scientist Congress(IYSC-2017).  International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

A Maxwell like theory unifying ordinary fields

Author Affiliations

  • 1Départementde Physique, École Normale Supérieure, Université Marien NGOUABI, Brazzaville, Congo
  • 2Groupe de Recherche sur les propriétés physico-chimiques et minéralogiques des matériaux, Faculté des Sciences et Techniques, Université Marien NGOUABI, Brazzaville, Congo

Res. J. Engineering Sci., Volume 6, Issue (2), Pages 20-26, February,26 (2017)


The field-particle duality originates the modern physics with the Schrödinger equation since the end of the first quarter of the twentieth century; it yet poses understanding problems to specialists and it seems necessary to revisit the Quantum Mechanics origin. To show this necessity, we considered the simpler case of a moving particle in the vacuum with the Dirac equation. We postulated a de Broglie equation. The former defines a scalar field and the latter a vector field. Considering them as describing the interaction particle-vacuum, we found four possible wave fields associated to any particle; each is defined by a gauge coupling explaining the particles wave nature with any fundamental field. When both gauges of the couple are unified, fundamental bosons behave like phonons in a crystal with celerities lower than that of the light c; two of the fields become local. The phonon concept led us to propose a vacuum elastic structure. We found that this is composed of bosons and antibosons we assumed belonging to the unified field. We showed that the vacuum could become instable during particles or objects interactions we explain from General Relativity. We predicted at last the existence of some fundamental fermions owing to the boson-fermion symmetry.


  1. Ballentine L.E. (1970)., The Statistical Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics., Review of Modern Physics, 42(4), 358-381.
  2. Fine A. (1973)., Probability and Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics., British Journal for the Philosophy of Science, 24(1), 1-37.
  3. Schlosshauer M., Kofler J., Zeilinger A. (2013)., The interpretation of quantum mechanics: from disagreement to consensus?., Ann. Phys., 525(4), A51-A54.
  4. Kapustin A. (2013)., Is quantum mechanics exact?., Journal of Mathematical Physics, 54(6), 062107.
  5. Robson B.A. (2013)., Progressing Beyond the Standard Model. Hindawi Publishing Corporation., Advances in High Energy Physics, 2013, 1-12.
  6. Stamatescu I.O. and Seiler E. (2007)., Approaches to Fundamental Physics, an Assessment of Current Theoretical Ideas., Lecture Notes in Physics, 721.
  7. Cooper F., Khare A. and Sukhatme U. (1995)., Supersymmetry and Quantum Mechanics., Physics Reports, 251(5-6), 267-385.
  8. Ellis J., Evans J.L., Mustafayev A., Nagata N. and Olive K.A. (2016)., The super-GUT CMSSM revisited., The European Physical Journal C, 76(11), 592.
  9. Donati O., Missiroli G.F., Pozzi G. (1973)., An Experiment on Electron Interference., American Journal of Physics, 41(5), 639-644.
  10. Abele H., Leeb H. (2012)., Gravitation and quantum interference experiments with neutrons., New Journal of Physics, 14(5), 055010.
  11. Prencipe M., Tribaudino M., Pavese A., Hoser A. and Reehuis M. (2000)., A single-crystal neutron-diffraction investigation of diopside at 10 K., The Canadian Mineralogist, 38(1), 183-189.
  12. Mostepanenko V.M. and Trunov N.N. (1997)., The Casimir Effect and its Applications., Oxford University Press, 1-212.
  13. Harold White, Jerry Vera, Paul Bailey, Paul March, Tim Lawrence, Andre Sylvester and David Brady (2015)., Dynamics of the Vacuum and Casimir Analogs to the Hydrogen Atom., Journal of Modern Physics, 6, 1308-1320.
  14. De Lorenci V.A., Ribeiro C.C.H. and Silva M.M. (2016)., Probing quantum vacuum fluctuations over a charged particle near a reflecting wall., Phys. Rev. D, 94(10), 105017.
  15. Young-Wan Kim, Kang-Ho Lee and Kicheon Kang (2014)., Vacuum-Fluctuation-Induced Dephasing of a Qubit in Circuit Quantum Electrodynamics., J. Phys. Soc. Jpn., 83(7), 073704.