5th International Young Scientist Congress (IYSC-2019).  International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Study of NOx Emission in Diesel Engine Operating with Biodiesel under Different Engine Parameters

Author Affiliations

  • 1Bhilai Institute of Technology, Durg, India
  • 2Department of Mechanical Engineering Vishwavidyalaya Engineering College Lakhanpur Sarguja University Ambikapur Chhattisgarh, India

Res. J. Engineering Sci., Volume 5, Issue (11), Pages 9-12, November,26 (2016)

Abstract

The need of bio origin fuel is continuously increasing with depletion of petroleum fuel and rising concern of environmental degradation. Biodiesel is one of the bio origin fuel obtained from vegetable oil or animal fat in a process of trans-esterification. Many research have proved that biodiesel is a promising fuel in terms of performance of diesel engine and exhaust emission of CO2, CO, HC component..The only penalty with biodiesel is higher NOx emission with some exception. This research work focuses on the study of the engine working parameters i.e. engine fuel and speed of engine on NOx emissions with biodiesel as fuel in a diesel engine. The results shows that use of biodiesel and at high engine speed causes lower NOx emissions in comparison with conventional diesel fuel.

References

  1. Ali Y. and Hanna M.A. (1994)., Alternative Diesel Fuels from Vegetable Oils., Bio resource Technology, (50), 153-163.
  2. Demirbas A. (2007)., Progress and recent trends in biofuels., Progress in Energy and Combustion Science, (33) 1–18.
  3. Agarwal A.K. (2007)., Biofuels (alcohols and biodiesel) applications as fuels for internal combustion engines., Progress in Energy and Combustion Science, (33), 233–271.
  4. Sumedh S. Ingle, Vilas M. Nandedkar and Madhav V. Nagarhalli (2013)., Prediction of Performance and Emission of Castor Oil Biodiesel In Diesel Engine., International Journal of Mechanical and Production Engineering, 1(1), 2320-2092.
  5. Antony Miraculas G., Bose N. and R. Edwin Raj (2016)., Optimization of Biofuel Blends and Compression Ratio of a Diesel Engine Fueled with Calophyllum inophyllum Oil Methyl Este., Arabian Journal for Science and Engineering, 41(5), 1723–1733.
  6. Nabi M.N., Akhter M.S. and Shahadat M.M.Z. (2006)., Improvement of engine emissions with conventional diesel fuel and diesel–biodiesel blends., Bioresource Technology, (97), 372–378.
  7. Sendzikiene E., Makareviciene V. and Janulis P. (2006)., Influence of fuel oxygen content on diesel engine exhaust emissions., Renewable Energy, (31), 2505-2512.
  8. Kalligeros S., Zannikos F., Stournas S., Lois E., Anastopoulos G., Teas C. and Sakellaropoulos F. (2003)., An investigation of using biodiesel/marine diesel blends on the performance of a stationary diesel engine., Biomass and Bioenergy, (24), 141–149.
  9. Canakci M. and VanGerpen J.H. (2003)., Comparison of engine performance and emission for petroleum diesel, yellow grease biodiesel & soybean oil biodiesel., Transaction of ASAE, 46(4), 937-943.
  10. S. Jindal (2009)., Effect of engine parameters on NOx emissions with Jatropha biodiesel as fuel., International Journal of Energy and Environment, 1(2), 343-350.
  11. Kalam M.A. and Masjuki H.H. (2002)., Biodiesel from palm oil—an analysis of its properties and potential., Biomass and Bio energy, (23), 471 – 479
  12. Ramadhas A.S., Jayaraj S. and Muraleedharan C. (2005)., Biodiesel production from high FFA rubber seed oil., Fuel, (84), 335–340.
  13. Sahoo P.K., Das L.M., Babu M.K.G. and Naik S.N. (2007)., Biodiesel development from high acid value polanga seed oil and performance evaluation in a CI engine., Fuel, (86), 448–454.
  14. Usta N. (2005)., An experimental study on performance and exhaust emissions of a diesel engine fuelled with tobacco seed oil methyl ester., Energy Conversion and Management, (46), 2373– 2386.
  15. Al-Baghdadi, M.A.R.S. (2004)., Effect of compression ratio, equivalence ratio and engine speed on the performance and emission characteristics of a spark ignition engine using hydrogen as a fuel., Renewable Energy. (29), 2245–2260.
  16. Nwafor O.M.I. (2004)., Emission characteristics of diesel engine running on vegetable oil with elevated fuel inlet temperature., Biomass and Bioenergy. (27), 507 – 511.
  17. Agarwal D. and Agarwal A.K. (2007)., Performance and emissions characteristics of Jatropha oil (preheated and blends) in a direct injection compression ignition engine., Applied thermal engineering, (27), 2314-2323.
  18. Chan T.T. and Borman G.L. (1982)., An experimental study of swirl and EGR effects on diesel combustion by use of the dumping method., (82), 0359
  19. Knothe G., Sharp C.A. and Ryan T.W. (2006)., Exhaust emissions of biodiesel, petro diesel, neat methyl esters, and alkanes in a new technology engine., Energy Fuels, (20), 403–408
  20. Agarwal A.K., Bijwe J. and Das L.M. (2003)., Effect of biodiesel utilization of wear of vital parts in compression ignition engine., Journal of Engineering for Gas Turbine and Power, Transactions of the ASME, (125), 604-611.
  21. Forson F.K., Oduro E.K. and Donkoh E.H. (2004)., Performance of Jatropha oil blends in a diesel engine., Renewable Energy, (29), 1135-1145.
  22. Kalam M.A., Husnawan M. and Masjuki H.H. (2003)., Exhaust emission and combustion evaluation of coconut oil-powered indirect injection diesel engine., Renewable Energy, (28), 2405–2415.
  23. Leung D.Y.C., Luo Y. and Chan T.L. (2006)., Optimization of exhaust emissions of a diesel engine fuelled with biodiesel., Energy Fuels, (20), 1015-23.
  24. Parlak A., Yasar H. and Sahin B. (2003)., Performance and exhaust emission characteristics of a lower compression ratio LHR Diesel engine., Energy Conversion and Management, (44), 163–175
  25. Verbiezen K., Donkerbroek A.J., Klein-Douwel R.J.H., Vliet A.P., Frijters P.J.M., Seykens X.L.J., Baert R.S.G., Meerts W.L., Dam N.J. and Meulen J.J. (2007)., Diesel combustion: In-cylinder NO concentrations in relation., Combustion and Flame, (151), 333–346.
  26. Microbiol J. (2011)., A review: Natural products from plant associated endophytic fungi., Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology Research Scholars Research Library, Biotech, 1(2), 21-32