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Natural Fiber as a substitute to Synthetic Fiber in Polymer Composites:A Review

Author Affiliations

  • 1 Department of Chemical Engineering and Polymer Science, Shahjalal University of Science and Technology, Sylhet-3114, BANGLADESH
  • 2

Res. J. Engineering Sci., Volume 2, Issue (4), Pages 46-53, April,26 (2013)


This work presents a brief overview of the improvement of the mechanical properties (tensile and flexural strength and the corresponding modulus of elasticity) of natural fiber reinforced polymer materials. The mechanical strength of the natural fiber reinforced polymer composites (NFRPCs) has been compared with that of glass fiber reinforced polymer composites and it is found that for achieving equivalent mechanical strength of the material, the volume fraction of the natural fiber should be much higher than that of the glass fiber. The eco-friendly nature (emission, economy of energy) of the production of components of NFRPCs has also been briefly discussed. It is concluded that NFRPCs have already been proven alternative to SFRPCs in many applications in automotive, transportation, construction and packaging industries, and the production of natural fiber being labor-intensive, the NFRPC industry will create new employment and will contribute to the poverty alleviation program in developing countries.


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