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Nigerian Clay as a Catalyst for Esterification of Propan-1-OL with Propanoic Acid

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Chemical Engineering, Federal University of Technology, Minna ,NIGERIA
  • 2 Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, University of Nottingham, UNITED KINGDOM
  • 3 Department of Chemical Engineering, Nnamdi Azikwe University, Awka, NIGERIA

Res. J. Engineering Sci., Volume 2, Issue (2), Pages 7-10, February,26 (2013)


The esterification of propan-1-ol with propanoic acid using Nigerian clays as catalysts was carried out in a batch reactor. Catalysts samples were produced from thermally activated clays obtained from Suleja and Shabu, Nigeria respectively. The effect of mole ratio and catalyst concentration on the conversion was studied. The thermally activated Suleja clay gave a highest conversion of 59 % at catalyst concentration (3%) and mole ratio (acid: alcohol) of 1:2, at a reaction temperature of 70°C, While thermally activated Shabu gave the highest conversion of 55% at same process variable conditions. The increase in alcohol to acid mole ratios resulted to decrease in percentage conversion. While increase in catalyst concentration led to increase in percentage conversion.


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