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Response of Cabbage (Brassica Oleracea) Under Variable Irrigation and Lateral Spacing

Author Affiliations

  • 1Irrigation and Drainage Engineering, SHIATS, Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh, INDIA
  • 2 Faculty of Engineering and Technology, SHIATS, Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh, INDIA
  • 3 Department of Soil Water Land Engineering and Management, SHIATS, Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh, INDIA

Res. J. Engineering Sci., Volume 2, Issue (10), Pages 1-9, October,26 (2013)

Abstract

In order to evaluate the effect of irrigation levels (50, 75, 100, 125 and 150 % of pan evaporation replenishment) and lateral spacing (0.5 m and 1.0 m) on marketable yield, irrigation production efficiency and economic return of cabbage under drip irrigation system and semi arid climate, a field experiment was conducted at the Irrigation Research Farm of Allahabad, India. The study was carried out during the winter crop growing season of 2012-2013 (Nov. to March) on clay loam soil. The highest mean marketable yield of cabbage (84.14 t/ha) during crop growing season was recorded when irrigation was applied at 125 % of pan evaporation replenishment with laterals in every rows and 0.5 m lateral spacing (LS1). A further increase in irrigation amount resulting from 150% of pan evaporation replenishment reduces the marketable yield significantly. Irrigation at 50% of pan evaporation replenishment gave the higher irrigation production efficiency of 38.33 kg/m3 with LS irrigation method. Minimum irrigation production efficiency was recorded with 150 % of pan evaporation replenishment (9.29 kg/m3) with laterals in alternate rows and 0.5 m lateral spacing (LS1) because it increases seasonal water applied considerably but decreases the marketable yield. Irrigation at 125 % of pan evaporation replenishment and 0.5 m lateral spacing (LS1) resulted in higher gross return (705066 Rs/ha), net return (633496 Rs/ha) and benefit cost ratio (9.84). In spite of higher initial investment, irrigation level of 125 % of pan evaporation replenishment and LS1 drip irrigation method is highly profitable for cabbage production in the region..

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