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Reduction of Pollutant Emission from Two-wheeler Automobiles using Nano-particle as a Catalyst

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Mechanical Engineering, Rungta College of Engineering and Technology, Raipur, Chhattisgarh, INDIA
  • 2 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Raipur Institute of Technology, Raipur, Chhattisgarh, INDIA

Res. J. Engineering Sci., Volume 1, Issue (3), Pages 32-37, September,26 (2012)

Abstract

Today, one of the toughest challenges faced by the mankind is the increasing of pollution at an alarming rate. It is causing an environmental imbalance and contributing to increase in the green house effect. Automobile pollution is the major source of pollution. The majority of the environmental pollution is due to the two-wheeler automobiles due to their large number. There are two methods of control of pollution namely, pre-pollution control and post pollution control. This paper is based on the post pollution control method in two-wheeler automobiles using nano-particle as a catalyst. A study on nano-particle reveals that the ratio of surface area of nano-particle to the volume of the nano-particle is inversely proportional to the radius of the nano-particle. So, on decreasing the radius, this ratio is increased leading to an increased rate of reaction and the concentration of the pollutants is decreased. To achieve this objective, an innovative design of catalytic converter for two-wheeler automobiles is proposed using nano-particle as a catalyst. The proposed method is very effective in the prevention of environmental pollution contributed from two-wheeler automobiles. It involves the use of copper nano-particle which is cheaper than the platinum, palladium and rhodium nano-particles used in automobiles.

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