9th International Science Congress (ISC-2019).  International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

FLC and PLC based process optimization and control of Batch digester in pulp and paper mill

Author Affiliations

  • 1 Department of Instrumentation, Kurukshetra University, Kurukshetra, INDIA

Res. J. Engineering Sci., Volume 1, Issue (2), Pages 51-62, August,26 (2012)

Abstract

Optimization and control of a batch digester operation is necessary to improve the quality of pulp produced in the pulp and paper mill. The process involves controlling all the phases of the entire cooking cycle. Pulp and paper process is nonlinear and non stationary in nature. In such type of process it is difficult to derive and identify an appropriate dynamic model for traditional controllers due to less reliability of mathematical model of the process. So instead of conventional or advanced controller which totally depends on mathematical model of process, a fuzzy logic control strategy has been proven better option for controlling such processes. This scheme of control will evaluate certainty within uncertainty and handling the parameters within range of control the entire process continuously through fluctuations occurs. In present paper, programmable logic controller (PLC) and a fuzzy logic controller (FLC) based schemes for automation and control of pulp and paper mill batch digester has been purposed and implemented which show consistent results. The system design starts from identification of inputs, outputs and choosing the membership function for each condition from normal operation up to emergency operation of pulp and paper mill batch digester. PLC provides control of pulp digesters for the process of making pulp from wood chips. PLC are used to calculate and control the amount of chips, based on density and the digester volume; determine the quantity of cooking liquors and add the required amounts in sequence. Programmable controllers also control temperature till cooking is completed. Rs logic 500 based SLC 500 processors [CPU 1747-120 C/F] produces better stabilize and optimize operation of batch digester.

References

  1. Roy T.K., Overview of Indian Paper Industry, Workshop on Adoption of Energy Efficient Process Technologies and Energy Management Practices in Pulp and Paper Sector under Energy Conservation Act 2001, Saharanpur, February 14, (2007)
  2. Pulp and Paper Mills Pollution Prevention and Abatement-Handbook, World Bank Group, July (1998)
  3. Rana Dinesh Singh and Sharma Rajiv, Fuzzy Logic Based Automation of Green House Environmental parameters for Agroindustries-A Simulation Approach, IJAER, 6(5), 662-666 (2011)
  4. Sharma Rajvir, Rana Dinesh Singh etal, A Fuzzy Logic based Automatic Control of Rotary Crane (A Simulation Approach), Advance Materials Research, 400(3-8), 4659-4666(2012)
  5. Behera Laxmidhar and Indrani Kar Intelligent systems and controls, Principles and applications, Oxford University Press (2009)
  6. Fuzzy TECH reference manual, Inform Software Corporation, GmbH (2001)
  7. Krishnakant, Computer-based Industrial Control, PHI Private Ltd, 492-500 (1998)
  8. John W. Webb and Ronald A. Reis, Programmable Logic Controllers, PHI Private Ltd (2003)
  9. Bela. G.Liptak, Process Measurement and Analysis, Butterworth-Heinemann an imprint of Elsevier (1995)
  10. Rockwell software reference manual (2010)
  11. Pathak Kushang, Fuzzy logic based Automation and control of Carbon Dioxide filtration process, M.Tech Dissertation, Kurukshetra University, Kurukshetra (2011)