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Physico-chemical characterization of vegetable wastes for its proper management

Author Affiliations

  • 1Lal Bahadur Shastri College of Arts, Science and Commerce, Satara-415002, MS, India
  • 2Department of Microbiology, Yashavantrao Chavan Institute of Science, Satara-415002, MS, India

Int. Res. J. Environment Sci., Volume 9, Issue (3), Pages 67-71, July,22 (2020)

Abstract

Vegetable waste is a type of agricultural wastes. Daily huge quantity of vegetable wastes is produced in market. They are easily decomposed and are voluminous. The management of these wastes from disposal point of view is indeed important. Vegetable wastes have high pollution potential as far as environmental health is concerned. Unscientific disposal methods cause heavy damage to every component of environment. Biomethanation and vermicomposting are the two economical biological treatment methods. Biomethanation is however more economical than vermin-composting, since it generates energy in the form of biogas and effluent generated have manural value whereas vermi-composting generates only manure. The objective of the current study was to analyse physico-chemical characteristics of vegetable waste and in turn its amenability as a substrate for biogas production through biomethanation process. The vegetable waste was found to be slightly acidic with high percentage of organic material, macro and microelements. The results showed the selected vegetable waste mixture have potential as a substrate to produce biogas after its pretreatment.

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