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Geospatial assessment of raphia palm wine production and consumption points in Owerri senatorial district, Imo State, Nigeria

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Geography, University of Ibadan, Nigeria
  • 2Department of Geography, University of Ibadan, Nigeria

Int. Res. J. Environment Sci., Volume 9, Issue (3), Pages 55-63, July,22 (2020)

Abstract

Raphia palm wine occupies a very important position in the traditional activities of Owerri senatorial district and the Igbo ethnic group in Nigeria generally. A lot of benefits have been derived from Raphia palm, which can be grouped under cultural, health, religious, culinary and economic benefits. The main objectives of this study were to investigate the existing distribution of Raphia palm wine production and consumption points, to ascertain the best route and finally to map their hot spot and cold spot zones. The location coordinates of the existing Production and Consumption points were collected using a GPS based on snowball sampling technique. Nearest neighbour analysis was used to analyse the pattern of distribution, the route analyst tool was used to analyse the best route and lastly, Getis-OrdG* a spatial statistics tool was used to determine the hotspot and cold spot zones. One of the findings showed that Raphia palm wine production points are randomly distributed across the study area, while the consumption points were clustered particularly around Owerri North, Owerri West, and Mbaitoli Local Government Area. It was recommended that there should be the enactment of state laws to reduce the felling of Raphia palm trees in the face of rapid urbanization.

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