Assessment of heavy metals in fly ash of coal fired thermal power stations in Nellore, Andhra Pradesh, India
- 1Department of Marine Biology, Vikrama Simhapuri University, Nellore-524320, Andhra Pradesh, India
- 2Department of Marine Biology, Vikrama Simhapuri University, Nellore-524320, Andhra Pradesh, India
Int. Res. J. Environment Sci., Volume 9, Issue (3), Pages 28-34, July,22 (2020)
Continuous production of laid-off ash from the coal-fired thermal power stations and its commercialism in Asian nation has triggered a relentless invasion of the useful territory. Because of its sensible texture and also the existence of damaging metals, the harmful effects of ash on the close surroundings area unit inevitable. Agriculture is one amongst many selections for the discarding of ash, a dangerous particulate contents made from thermal power plants based by coal fired sources. Ash includes crop development useful micro-and macronutrients. It conjointly includes virulent significant metals, however, which might migrate to crops and accumulate toxicity to crops and farm animal. Accumulation of metals in secondary substance crop parts chargeable for a selected pharmacologic activity. Advantage to their absence of biodegradability, the matter of significant metal emissions is incredibly disquieted due to their toxicity to plants, animals, and humans. Abundance focuses of significant metals have unfavorable impacts of metabolic activities hence have an effect on food production, quantitatively and qualitatively. Significant heavy metal could have a serious impact on their health if it enters human tissues through distinct mechanisms of absorption. Continuing exposure to heavy metals such as Arsenic (As), Lead (Pb), Cadmium (Cd), Mercury (Hg), Iron (Fe), Manganese (Mn), Copper (Cu), and Zinc (Zn) may trigger harmful impacts on human health. This paper tries to focus the use and their issuesof fly debris bearing overwhelming heavy metals.
- Benito Y, Ruiz M, Cosmen P, and Merino JL. (2001)., Study of leachates obtained from the disposal of fly ash from PFBC and AFBC processes., Chem. Eng. J., 84, 167.
- Chandra A and Chandra H. (2005)., Impact of Indian and imported coal on Indian Thermal Power Plants., J. Sci. Ind. Res., 63,156.
- Dhadse S., Kumari P., and Bhagia I. J. (2008)., Fly ash characterization, utilization and Government initiatives in India- A review., J. Sci. Ind. Res., 67, 11.
- Choi S. K., Lee S., Song Y. K. and Moon H. S. (2002),, Leaching characteristics of selected Korean fly ashes and its implications for the groundwater composition near the ash mound., Fuel., 81,1080.
- Iyer R. (2002)., The surface chemistry of leaching coal fly ash., , J. Hazard. Material., B93:321.
- Mishra PC. (2009)., Heavy metal accumulation in crops grown in fly ash amended soil., The Ecoscane., Special issue., 1, 23-26.
- Shen, Zhigang, Leice Li, Zhuming Wang, ChujiangCai, and Xiaozheng Yu. (2008)., Cenospheres from coal ash and their application., Beijing: National Defense Press. 254.
- M. Ahmaruzzaman (2010)., A review on the utilization of fly ash., Progress in Energy and Combustion Science, 36, 327-363.
- Gupta V.K., Gupta M. and Sharma S. (2001)., Process development for the removal of lead and chromium from aqueous solution using red mud an aluminum industry waste., Water Res., 35(5), 1125-1134.
- Ahalya N., Kanamadi R.D., and Ramachandra T.V. (2005)., Bio sorption of chromium (VI) from aqueous solutions by the husk of Bengal gram (Cicerarientinum)., Electron J Biotechnol., 8, 45-49.
- Lighty, JoAnn Slama, John M. Veranth, and Adel F Sarofim (2000)., Combustion Aerosols: Factors Governing Their Size and Composition and Implications to Human Health., Journal of the Air & waste Management Association, 50, 1565-1618.
- Bian, Xinbing, QiangXie, and Caiyou Zhao (2005)., Technology to transfer coal-based solid wastes to resources., Beijing: Chemical Industry Press. 294.
- Ngu, Ling-ngee, Hongwei Wu, and Dong-ke Zhang (2007)., Characterization of Ash Cenospheres in Fly Ash from Australian Power Stations., Energy & Fuels, 21, 3437-3445.
- Xu, Hong, Xia-ming Cheng, and Guang-ping Xu (2000)., Study on the Characteristics and Genetic Mechanism of Microspheroids in CPFA from Huaneng Nanjing Electric Power Plant., Geological Journal of China Universities, 1, 80-86.
- Ferner D.J. (2001)., Toxicity of heavy metals., eMed. J., 2(5), 1-11.
- Young R.A. (2005)., Toxicity Profiles: Toxicity Summary for Cadmium Risk Assessment Information System, RAIS., University of Tennessee. Accessed 20/10/2012, Available:http//rais.ornl.gov/tox/profiles/ cadmium.shtml.
- CEA (Central Electricity Authority) (2018)., Annual Report on Fly-ash utilization., Report on Fly Ash Generation at Coal/Lignite Based Thermal Power Stations and its Utilization in the Country for the Year 2017-18, New Delhi.
- Oram P. (2009)., Flow behavior of fly ash slurry., B. Tech thesis, National Institute of Technology, Rourkela, Orissa. Ostrava.121-127.
- Thaneshwar Kumar, K Tedia, Vinay Samadhiya, and Rahul Kumar (2017)., Review on effect of fly ash on heavy metals status of soil and plants., International Journal of Chemical Studies.5 (4): 11-18.
- Szponder D. K. and Trybalski K. (2009). Identification of the fly ash properties by using different methods and equipments, 33/4, 287-298., undefined, undefined
- Ahmaruzzaman M. (2010)., A review on the utilization of fly ash., Progress in Energy and Combustion Scienceg 36, 327-363.
- APHA (2012)., Standard methods for examination of water and waste water., 22nd Edition. American Public Health Association, Washington DC. 2012.
- Linton, R.W., Loh, A., Natusch, D.F.S., Evans, C.A. Jr. and Williams, (1975)., Surface predominance of trace elements in air borne particles., Science, 191, 852.
- Polish Act on Waste of 14 December 2012 (2013). Poland's Journal of Laws, January 8, 2013, item 21., undefined, undefined
- Ferner D.J. (2001)., Toxicity and Heavy Metals., eMedicine Journal, 2(5), 1.
- Gopinathan K.M. and Amma S.R. (2008)., Bioaccumulation of toxicheavy metals in the edible soft tissues of green mussel (PernaviridisL.) of Mahe region., Project report submitted to the Department of Science, Technology and Environment (DSTE), Government of Pondicherry, 1-32.
- Salem, H. M., Eweida, A., and Azza, F. (2000)., Heavy metals in drinking water and their environmental impact on human health., Center for Environmental Hazards Mitigation, p 542-556.
- Sindhu, P.S. (2002). Environmental Chemistry, 1st ed., New Age International (P) Ltd., New Delhi 75-243., undefined, undefined
- Jarup L. 2003; Hazards of heavy metal contamination. British Medical Bulletin 68:167-182., undefined, undefined
- Albretsen J. (2006)., The toxicity of iron, an essential element., Veterinary medicine, 82-90.
- Grazuleviciene R, Nadisauskiene R, Buinauskiene J, Grazulevicius T. (2009)., Effects of Elevated Levels of Manganese and Iron in Drinking Water on Birth Outcomes., Polish J of Environ Stud, 18(5), 819-825.
- ATSDR (2002)., Toxicological Profile for Manganese., Atlanta, GA: Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry.
- Gerber G.G., Léonard A., and Hantson P. (2002)., Carcinogenicity, mutagenicity and teratogenicity of manganese compounds., Crit. Rev. Oncol. Hematol., 42(1), 25.
- Dobson A.W., Erikson K.M., and Aschner M. (2004)., Manganese neurotoxicity., Ann. N.Y. Acad. Sci., 1012, 115.
- Erikson K.M., Dorman D.C., Fitsanakis V.A., Lash L.H., and Aschner M. (2006)., Alterations of oxidative stress biomarkers due to in utero and neonatal exposures of airborne manganese., Biol. Trace Res., 111(1-3), 199.
- Montes S., Riojas-rodriguez H., Sabidopedraza E. and Rios C. (2008)., Biomarkers of manganese exposure in population living close to a mine and mineral processing plant in Mexico., Environ. Res., 106(11), 89.
- CPCB (2011)., Impact of Coal Mine Waste water Discharge on surroundings with reference to heavy metals., Central Pollution Control Board Bhopal.
- Regulation of the Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development of 18 June 2008 (2008)., The implementation of certain provisions of the Act on Fertilizers and Fertilization., Poland's Journal of Laws, 119, item 765.
- K. Mizerna, A. Król, and A. Mróz, (2017). E3S Web Conf. 19, 02020., undefined, undefined