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Assessment of heavy metal contamination of Amlakhadi: A tributary of Narmada River, Gujarat, India

Author Affiliations

  • 1Dept. of Environmental Studies, Faculty of Science, The Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda, Vadodara-390020, Gujarat, India
  • 2Dept. of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, The Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda, Vadodara-390020, Gujarat, India

Int. Res. J. Environment Sci., Volume 9, Issue (3), Pages 15-27, July,22 (2020)

Abstract

Aquatic ecosystem throughout the globe is polluted by heavy metals arising from the anthropogenic sources. The study was aimed to investigate the degree of heavy metal pollution in surface sediments and wastewaters from Amlakhadi, India. Designated sampling stations were determined for the collection of wastewater samples and surface sediment samples from khadi and were analyzed for heavy metals using atomic absorption spectroscopy and X-ray fluorescence. The status of pollution in wastewaters and surface sediments of Amlakhadi was assessed using Concentration factor and Geo-accumulation Index. The data analysis indicates variation in heavy metal concentration within sampling stations attributed to the addition of sewage, municipal waste, and industrial effluent from various sources. The distributions of heavy metal in wastewaters were in the following sequence Fe> Zn> Mn> Cu> V> Ni> Co. While the distribution of heavy metals in surface sediments followed the sequence Fe> Si> Al> Ti> K> S> Mn> Co> Zn. The Contamination Factor (CF) showed the highest concentration level of Cu. The mean contamination factor (CF) for metals in the study area followed the order Al> Sr> Ti> Cr> Fe> Mn> V> Zn> Cu. The Geo-accumulation Index (Igeo) value for Cu and Zn was above 4 at most of the sampling stations which indicates high level of Pollution. The Geo-accumulation Index(Igeo) value for metals in the study area followed the order Al> Sr> Ti> Cr> Fe> Mn> V> Cu> Zn. The index of geo-accumulation of the sediment reveals overall pollution in the Amlakhadi area.

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