Assessment of growth of D. bulbifera (L.) on contaminated soil (spent engine oil) and industrial effluent
- 1Department of Biology, Federal University of Technology, Akure, Ondo State, Nigeria
- 2Department of Biology, Federal University of Technology, Akure, Ondo State, Nigeria
Int. Res. J. Environment Sci., Volume 8, Issue (2), Pages 1-6, April,22 (2019)
Anthropogenic activities such as indiscriminate disposal of wastes have contributed immensely to environmental pollution and therefore hinder the existence of plants and other soil organism dwellers. The effect of soil contaminated with Spent Engine Oil (SEO) and Industrial Effluent (IE) soil on the growth and yield of Dioscorea bulbifera L. was investigated in the screen house. Four levels of concentrations: 0ml/15kg, 75ml/15kg, 225ml/15kg, 375ml/15kg of SEO and effluents from a Cocoa Industry were assessed. Growth of D. bulbifera were assessed by taking the following parameters; sprouting, plant height (cm), leaf area (cm), day of bulbil appearance (days), leaf length (cm), girth length (cm), and the number of leaves produced by D. bulbifera in each treatment. This study showed that SEO and IE in soil have highly significant (P ≤ 0.05) effects on growth and yield of the plants. The germination time increased with increase in treatment concentration, with control having the shortest time of 28 days and 375ml/15kg concentration having longest time of 53 days. The growth of D. bulbifera was delayed as the levels of treatment were increased. The control was signfinicantly different (P ≤ 0.05) from other levels of treatment, having highest height value of 576.67cm while IE had the lowest (179.08cm) at week 16. Control had the highest number of leaves (66.3) while IE had the lowest number (18.67). Likewise in leaf length, control had the highest length of 15.17cm while IE had lowest (9.07cm). In leaf area, control had the largest (141.69(x102) cm2) while the IE had the lowest (14.74(x102) cm2).
- Wyszkowski M. and Wyszkowska J. (2005)., Effect of enzymatic activity of diesel oil contaminated soil on the chemical composition of oat (Avena sativa L.) and maize (Zea mays L.)., Plant Soil Environ., 51(8), 360-367.
- Baek K.H., Kim H.S., Oh H.M., Yoon B.D., Kim J. and Lee I.S. (2005)., Effect of crude oil, oil components and bioremediation on plant growth., J. of Environ., 40, 88-97.
- Ikhajiagbe B. and Anoliefo G.O. (2010)., Impact of soil amendment on phytotoxicity of a 5 months old waste engine oil polluted soil., African J. of Environ. Sci. & Techn., 4(4), 215-225.
- Osuagwu A.N., Okigbo A.U., Ekpo I.A., Chukwurah P.N. and Agbor R.B. (2013)., Effect of crude oil pollution on growth parameters, chlorophyll content and bulbils yield in air potato (Dioscorea bulbifera L.)., International Journal of Applied, 3(4), 37-42.
- Barnali D. (2015)., Food and medicinal values of certain species of Dioscorea with special reference to Assam., J. of Pharm. & Phytoch., 3(4), 15-18.
- Agbogidi O.M. and Ejemete O.R. (2005)., An assessment of the effects of crude oil pollution on soil properties, germination and growth of Gambaya albida (L.)., Uniswa Res. J. of Agric. Sci. & Techn., 8(2), 148-155.
- Agbogidi O.M. and Ofuoku A.U. (2005)., Response of sour sop (Annona muricata L.) to crude oil levels., J. of Sust. & Trop. Agric. Res., 16, 98-102.
- Anoliefo G.O. and Vwioko D.E. (2001)., Tolerance of Chromolaena odorata (L) K. and R. grown in soil contaminated with spent lubricating oil., J. of Trop. Biosci., 1(1), 20-24.
- Agbogidi O.M. and Enujeke E.C. (2012)., Effects of spent motor oil on soil physico-chemical properties and growth of Arachis hypogaea L., Global J. of Bio-Sci. & Biotechn., 1(1), 71-74.
- Odiyi B.O. and Abiya S.E. (2016)., Growth and Yield Performance of Cowpea (Vigna Unguiculata) (L.) Walp. Polluted with Spent Lubricating Oil., Octa J. of Environ. Res., 4(3), 277-281.
- Islam M.O., Khan Md. H.R., Das A.K., Akhtar M.S., Oki Y. and Adachi T. (2006)., Impacts of industrial effluents on plant growth and soil properties., Soil & Environ., 25(2), 113-118.
- Adam G. and Duncan H. (2002)., Influence of diesel on seed germination., Environ. Poll., 120, 363-370.
- Lale O.O., Ezekwe I.C. and Lale N.E.S. (2014)., Effect of Spent Lubricating Oil Pollution on Some Chemical Parameters and the Growth of Cowpeas (Vigna unguiculata Walpers)., Res. & Environ., 4(3), 173-179.
- Nawaz S., Ali S.M. and Yasmin A. (2006)., Effect of Industrial Effluents on Seed Germination and Early Growth of Cicer arientum., J. Bio. Sci., 6(1), 49-54.
- Benka-Coker M.O. and Ekundayo J.A. (1995)., Effects of an oil spill on soil physico-chemical properties of a spill site in the Niger Delta Area of Nigeria., Environ. Monit. & Asses., 36(2), 93-104.
- Siddiqui S. and Adams W.A. (2002)., The fate of diesel hydrocarbons in soils and their effects on the germination of perennial ryegrass., Environ. Toxic., 17(1), 49-62.
- Agbogidi O.M. and Egbuchua C.O. (2010)., Heavy metal concentrations of soil contaminated with spent engine oil in Asaba, Delta State., Acta Agro. Nig., 10(1), 65-69.
- Jung M.C. (2008)., Heavy Metal Concentrations in Soils and Factors Affecting Metal Uptake by Plants in the Vicinity of a Korean Cu-W Mine., Sensors, 8(4), 2413-2423.
- Uaboi-Egbenni P.O., Okolie P.N., Adejuyitan O.E., Sobande A.O. and Akinyemi O. (2009)., Effect of industrial effluents on the growth and anatomical structures of Abelmoschus esculentus (okra)., African J. of Biotechn., 8(14), 3251-3260.
- Okonokhua B.O., Ikhajiagbe B., Anoliefo G.O. and Emede T.O. (2007)., The Effects of Spent Engine Oil on Soil Properties and Growth of Maize (Zea mays L.)., J. of Appl. Sci. & Environ. Manag., 11(3), 147-152.
- Adu A.A., Aderinola O.J. and Kusemiju V. (2015)., Comparative Effects of Spent Engine Oil and Unused Engine Oil on the Growth and Yield of Vigna unguiculata (Cowpea)., Int. J. of Sci. & Techno., 4(3), 105-118.
- Ammar E., Ben-Rouina B., Metzidakis I.T. and Voyiatzis D.G. (1999)., Potential Horticulturalization of Olive oil processing waste water., Proceedings of the 3rd International Symposium on oil growing Sept 22-26 Chania Crete, Greece, 741-744.