Nutrient restoration capacity of Eichhornia crassipes compost on a nutrient-depleted soil
- 1La Consolacion University Philippines, Philippines
Int. Res. J. Environment Sci., Volume 8, Issue (1), Pages 30-35, January,22 (2019)
Eichhornia crassipesis an invasive water plant that can cause severe problems to society and ecosystem in many parts of the world. This weed can withstand varied extreme environmental conditions in temperature, wind, humidity, illumination, acidity, alkalinity, and salinity. The probable means of combating its propagation and the various means of getting rid of this weed not proved much. This study investigated the potentials of E. crassipes in replenishing macronutrients specifically nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium (NPK) in a nutrient-depleted soil. Using an experimental study, water hyacinth was explored by comparing two conditions: i. the sundried compost; and ii. the fresh compost in soil. The composting lasted for 31 days, enough for the water hyacinth to decompose. The data gathered were then analyzed using single-factor analysis of variance (ANOVA). Results revealed that NPK improved from low to medium and high levels. Among sundried and fresh water hyacinth composts, there were significant effects in the nitrogen and phosphorous level in sundried treatment. Others do not have significant differences in NPK content before and after the composting, however all nutrient level means increased.
- Labrador J., Gordillo J., Ruiz T. and Moreno M. (2015)., Re-use of invasive plant (water hyacinth) as organic fertilizer through composting and vermicomposting (Extremadura, Spain)., Geophysical Research Abstracts, 17.
- Hossain M.E., Sikder H., Kabir M.H. and Sarma S.M. (2015)., Nutritive value of water hyacinth (Eichhornia Crassipes)., Online J. Anim. Feed Res., 5(2), 40-44. Scienceline/Journal homepages: http://www.science-line.com/index/; http://www.ojafr.ir.
- Nath S. and Singh K. (2015)., Analysis of different nutrient status of liquid bio-fertilizer of different combinations of buffalo dung with gram bran and water hyacinth through vermicomposting by Eisenia fetida., Environment, Development and Sustainability, 18(3), 645-656. doi:10. 1007/s10668-015-9666-6.
- Gunnarsson C.C. and Petersen C.M. (2007)., Water hyacinths as a resource in agriculture and energy production: A literature review., Waste Management, 27(1), 117-129. doi:10.1016/j.wasman.2005.12.011.
- Vidya S. and Girish L. (2014)., Water hyacinth as a green manure for organic farming., IMPACT: International Journal of Research in Applied, Natural and Social Sciences, 2(6), 65-72.
- UNEP Global Environmental Alert Services (2013)., Thematic Focus: Ecosystem Management.,
- Umsakul K., Dissara Y. and Srimuang N. (2010)., Chemical, Physical and Microbiological Changes during Composting of the Water Hyacinth., Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 13(20), 985-992. doi:10.3923/ pjbs.2010.985.992.
- Téllez T.R., López E., Granado G., Pérez E., López R. and Guzmán J. (2008)., The Water Hyacinth, Eichhornia crassipes: An invasive plant in the Guadiana River Basin (Spain)., Aquatic Invasions, 3(1), 42-53. doi:10.3391/ ai.2008.3.1.8.
- Mashavira M., Chitata T., Mhindu R.L., Muzemu S., Kapenzi A. and Manjeru P. (2015)., The Effect of Water Hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes) Compost on Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum) Growth Attributes, Yield Potential and Heavy Metal Levels., AJPS American Journal of Plant Sciences, 6(4), 545-553. doi:10.4236/ ajps.2015.64059
- Jafari N. (2010)., Ecological and socio-economic utilization of water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes Mart Solms)., Journal of Applied Sciences and Environmental Management, 14(2). doi:10.4314/jasem.v14i2.57834
- Alade G.A. and Ojoawo S.O. (2009)., Purification of domestic sewage by water-hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes)., International Journal of Environmental Technology and Management, 10(3-4), 286-294. doi:10.1504/ijetm.2009.023735.
- Gowariker V., Krishnamurthy V.N. and Gowariker S. (2009)., The Fertilizer Encyclopedia., John Wiley and Sons, Inc. New Jersey.
- Polprasert C., Kongsricharoern N. and Kanjanaprapin W. (1994)., Production of Feed and Fertilizer from Water Hyacinth Plants in the Tropics., Waste Management and Research, 12(1), 3-11. doi:10.1177/0734242x9401200102.
- Uchida R. (2000)., Essential Nutrients for Plant Growth: Nutrient Functions and Deficiency Symptoms., In: Silva, J.A. and Uchida, R., Eds., Plant Nutrient Management in Hawaii's Soils, Approaches for Tropical and Subtropical Agriculture, College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu, 31-55.
- Makhania M. and Upadhyay A. (2015)., Study of Flower Waste Composting to Generate Organic Nutrients., International Journal of Innovative and Emerging Research in Engineering, 2(2), 145-149.
- Pace M.G., Miller B.E. and Farrell-Poe K.L. (1995)., The Composting Process., All Archived Publications.
- Andika D.O., Ogada J.A. and Hayombe Po. (2016)., Producing liquid organic fertilizer from water hyacinth; a case of lake Victoria, Kenya., International Journal of Science and Research, 5(2), 1229-1238