6th International Virtual Congress (IYSC-2020) And Workshop. 10th International Science Congress (ISC-2020).  International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Impact of effective microorganism on the decomposition of coir pith

Author Affiliations

  • 1Dept of Botany, Avinashilingam University, Coimbatore - 641043, Tamil Nadu, India
  • 2Dept of Botany, Avinashilingam University, Coimbatore - 641043, Tamil Nadu, India

Int. Res. J. Environment Sci., Volume 7, Issue (8), Pages 21-23, August,22 (2018)

Abstract

Nowadays, environmental pollution is a serious threat and some of the pollutants can be used as an organic manure after biodegradation. And so, an attempt was made to degrade the organic waste, coir pith using EM (Effective Microorganism). The sample was inoculated with EM at different concentrations (T1 - Control (uninoculated), T2 - EM (Undiluted), T3 - 1:10 dilution, T4 - 1:50 dilution). At 30, 60, 90 days of time intervals, the biochemical parameters like lignin, cellulose, organic carbon, total nitrogen, C:N ratio, phenol and reducing sugars were determined. Among the treatments coir pith with undiluted EM (T2) showed a very good decreasing trend in all the biochemical parameters than the other concentrations of EM. The present investigation suggests that coir pith waste can be converted into a value added, nutrient enriched organic manure.

References

  1. Ghosh P.K., Sarma U.S., Ravindranath A.D., Radhakrishnan S. and Ghosh P. (2007)., A novel method for accelerated composting of coir pith., Energy & fuels, 21(2), 822-827.
  2. Rawte T. and Mavinkurve S. (2001)., Biodegradable plastics-bacterial polyhydroxyalkanoates., Indian Journal of Microbiology, 41(4), 233-245.
  3. Thampan P.K. (1987)., Handbook of coconut., Oxford and IBH Publishers, New Delhi.
  4. Reghuvaran A. and Ravindranath A.D. (2010)., Efficacy of biodegraded coir pith for cultivation of medicinal plants., J. Sci. Ind. Res., 69, 554-559.
  5. Higa T. and Wididana G.N. (1991)., The concept and theories of effective microorganisms., In Proceedings of the first international conference on Kyusei nature farming. US Department of Agriculture, Washington, DC, USA, 118-124.
  6. Zadražil F. and Brunnert H. (1980)., The influence of ammonium nitrate supplementation on degradation and in vitro digestibility of straw colonized by higher fungi., European journal of applied microbiology and biotechnology, 9(1), 37-44.
  7. Updegraff D.M. (1969)., Semimicro determination of cellulose inbiological materials., Analytical biochemistry, 32(3), 420-424.
  8. Walkley A. and Black C.A. (1934)., An experimentation of the delayreff method for determining organic matter of the chronic and titration method., Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 37(1), 29-38.
  9. Vogel Arthur I. (1961)., A Text Book of Qualitative Inorganic Analysis., 3rd Ed.: 257, Longrnens & Co., London.
  10. Bray H.G. and Thrope W.V. (1954)., Analysis of phenolic compounds of interest in metabolism., Meth.Bio chem. Anal, 1, 27-52.
  11. Miller G.L. (1959)., Use of dinitrosalicylic acid reagent for determination of reducing sugar., Analytical chemistry, 31(3), 426-428.
  12. Jeslyn Vijayakumari K., Nirmala M. and Usha K. (1988)., Biodegradation of coir pith., Indian J. Agric. Sci., 59, 316-318.
  13. Padmaja C.K. and Adlene D.S. (2008)., Recycling of solid waste into an organic manure by EM (Effective Microorganisms) Technology., Ad. Plant Sci., 21(2), 585-586.
  14. Reghuvaran A. and Ravindranath A.D. (2012)., Biochemical aspects and formation of phenolic compounds by coir pith degraded by Pleurotus sajor caju., Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health Sciences, 4(1), 29-36.
  15. Devi L.S., Datta A. and Rao P.S. (2001)., Evaluation of maturity for coir dust based compost., Journal of the Indian Society of Soil Science, 49(3), 515-517.
  16. Sekeran V., Balaji C. and Bhagavathipushpa T. (2005)., Evaluation of effective microorganisms (EM) in solid waste management., Electronic Green Journal, 1(21).
  17. Yau P.Y. and Murphy R.J. (2000)., Biodegraded Cocopeat as a horticultural substrate., Acta Hort., (ISHS) 517, 275-278.
  18. Uma M.P., Saranya M., Nandhini K., Gajalakshmi K. and M. Kanchana (2015)., Composting of areca nut leaf sheath and its effects on growth and biochemical contents of Vigna unguiculata L., Indian Journal of Science, 15(47), 138-148.
  19. Ramamoorthy V., Meena B. and Muthusamy M. (1999)., Composting coir pith using biocontrol agents., Kissan World, 7, 78.
  20. Theradimani M. and Marimuthu L. (1993)., Role of native microflora in decomposing coir pith., Indian Coconut J, 24, 5-6.
  21. Nagarajan R., Ramasamy K., Savithri P. and Manickam T.S. (1990)., Coir waste in crop production., AC&RI, Madurai and Central Coir Research Institute, Coir Board, Cochin.
  22. Kanmani P. and Karuppasamy P. (2009)., Studies on lignocellulose biodegradation of coir waste in solid state fermentation using Phanerocheate chrysosporium and Rhizopus stolonifer., African Journal of Biotechnology, 8(24), 6880-6887.