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Cypermethrin exposed chromosomal aberrations of Indian major carp, Labeo rohita

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Biology, M.N. College, Visnagar - 384315, India

Int. Res. J. Environment Sci., Volume 7, Issue (8), Pages 16-20, August,22 (2018)

Abstract

With the beginning of Green Revolution in the second half of the 20th century when growers initiated to use technical advances to enhancement harvests, manmade composts, pesticides and herbicides became common place from place to place the world not only on farms but in courtyard greens and on front lawns as well. Among the wide majority of pesticides, Cypermethrin, a synthetic pyrethroid, is regularly used as agronomic insecticide which is found tremendously lethal to non-target creatures of aquatic habitat including fishes. As per statistic, manufacture and efficiency have amplified. Though, the high biochemical practices of insecticides to carry around these remarkable upsurges in nutriment manufacture is not without its glitches. A perceptible similar association amongst advanced efficiency, high chemical contribution usage and ecological dilapidation possessions is apparent in south Gujarat where marketable cultivation is extensive. This affects the physiological and cytological changes among the fishes. With that reference Cytogenetic study of Labeo rohita has been carried out to check effects of lethal concentration (0.06ppm) and acute lethal concentration (0.1ppm) of Cypermethrin. The chromosomal aberrations like acentric fragments, rings, double minutes and chromosome break, endo-reduplication, premature separation of chromosome and pulverization were observed at various stages.

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