Soil organic carbon and carbon stock in community forests with varying altitude and slope aspect in Meghalaya, India
- 1Department of Environmental Studies, North Eastern Hill University, Meghalaya, India
- 2Department of Environmental Studies, North Eastern Hill University, Meghalaya, India
Int. Res. J. Environment Sci., Volume 7, Issue (7), Pages 1-6, July,22 (2018)
The contribution of forest ecosystems to the global climate change mitigation by storing carbon in the soil and their vegetation in nature is significant. Soil contain three times more carbon than that stored in the vegetation of an area. Altitude is one of the important factors influencing various parameters of the soil including carbon stock. Present study was conducted to understand variation in the soil carbon and carbon stock with respect to altitude and aspect in community forests of three agro ecological regions of Khasi Hills, Meghalaya. The study concluded that, Central upland region with highest elevation has highest level of carbon stock (47.27±2.12t/ha), followed by the Northern undulating region (28.09 ±1.25t/ha) and lowest in the South Precipitous low elevation region (24.24±.60t/ha). The result leads to the conclusion that the areas with higher altitude has higher carbon stock as compared to lower elevation areas which may be attributed to decreasing temperature with increasing altitude which inhibits the decay rate of soil organic matter which in turn induces higher carbon content in the soil. The study also record a strong positively relationship between altitude and other soil parameters like soil organic carbon, nitrogen and carbon stock. However it is negatively correlated with soil bulk density.
- Lal R. (2004)., Soil carbon sequestration to mitigate climate change., Geoderma, 123(1&2), 1-22. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2004.01.032
- Schlesinger W.H. (1990)., Evidence from Chronosequence studies for a low carbon-storage potential of soils., Nature, 348, 232-234. https://doi.org/10.1038/348232a0
- Eswaran H., Van Den Berg E. and Reich P.F. (1993)., Organic carbon in soils of the world., Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., 57(1), 192-194. https://doi.org/10.2136/sssaj 1993.03615995005700010034x
- Goidts E., van Wesemael B. and Crucifix M. (2009)., Magnitude and sources of uncertainties in soil organic carbon (SOC) stock assessments at various scales., European Journal of Soil Science, 60(5), 723-739. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2389.2009.01157.x
- Bhardwaj D.R., Sanneh A.A., Rajput B.S. and Kumar S. (2013)., Status of Soil Organic Carbon Stocks Under Different Land Use Systems in Wet Temperate North Western Himalaya., J tree Sci., 32(1&2), 14-22.
- Bewket W. and Stroosnijder L. (2003)., Effects of agro-ecological land use succession on soil properties in Chemoga watershed, Blue Nile basin, Ethiopia., Geoderma, 111(1&2), 85-98. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0016-7061(02)00255-0
- Genxu W., Haiyan M., Ju Q. and Juan C. (2004)., Impact of land use changes on soil carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus and water pollution in an arid region of northwest China., Soil Use and Management, 20(1), 32-39. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1475-2743.2004.tb00334.x
- Emiru N. And Gebrekidan H. (2013)., Effect of land use changes and soil depth on soil organic matter, total nitrogen and available phosphorus contents of soils in Senbat watershed, Western Ethiopia., ARPN Journal of Agricultural and Biological Science, 8(3), 206-212.
- Sheikh M.A., Kumar M. And Bussmann R.W. (2009)., Altitudinal variation in soil organic carbon stock in coniferous subtropical and broadleaf temperate forests in Garhwal Himalaya., Carbon Balance and Management, 4, 6. https://doi.org/10.1186/1750-0680-4-6
- Bhat J.A., Iqbal K., Kumar M., Negi A.K. and Todaria N.P. (2013)., Carbon stock of trees along an elevational gradient in temperate forests of Kedarnath Wildlife Sanctuary., Forest Science Practice, 15(2), 137-143. https://doi.org/DOI 10.1007/s11632-013-0210
- Tynsong H., Tiwari B.K. and Lynser M.B. (2006)., Medicinal plants of Meghalaya, India., Med Plant network News, 6(2), 7-10.
- Maps of India (2018), Meghalaya Map. https://www.mapsofindia.com/maps/meghalaya. Accessed on 21/03/2018, undefined, undefined
- Forest and environment department, government of Meghalaya (2017), General Description of Meghalaya (http://www.megforest.gov.in/megfor_gdesc_meg.htm). Retrieved on 17/7/2017, undefined, undefined
- Dasgupta J. and Syiemlieh H.J. (2006)., Trends in tenure arrangements for forest and their implications for sustainable forest management: the need for a more unified regime., People and forests. FAO participatory forestry publications. 23. Available online: http://www. treesforlife. info/fao/Docs/P/J8167e/j8167e04. pdf. Retrieved, 21/03/2018.
- Anderson J.M. and Ingram J.S.I. (1993)., Tropical soil biology and fertility: a handbook of methods (2ndedn)., CAB International, Wallingford, UK., 1-221. ISBN: 0-85198-821-0
- Jackson M.L. (2016)., Soil chemical analysis., Scientific Publishers, India, New Delhi, 1-498. ISBN 13: 9789383692354
- Maiti S.K. (2003)., Handbook of Methods in Environmental Studies., Air, Noise, Soil and Overburden Analysis, ABD Publishers, New Delhi, Jaipur, 2, 1-250, ISBN: 973-93-80179-82-2
- Pearson T.R., Brown S.L. and Birdsey R.A. (2007)., Measurement guidelines for the sequestration of forest carbon., General technical report NRS-18. United State Department of Agriculture forest Service. Available online at: http://ipclimatechange.trg-learning.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/11/Measurement-guidelines-for-the-sequestration-of-forest-carbon.pdf. Retrieved on 21/03/2018
- Ali S., Hayat R., Begum F., Hussain A., Hasan N. and Hameed A. (2014)., Altitudinal distribution of soil organic carbon stock and its relation to aspect and vegetation in the mountainous forest of Bagrot Valley, North Karakoram, Gilgit-Baltistan., J. Bio. & Env. Sci., 5(1), 199-213.
- Chhabra A., Palria S. and Dadhwal V.K. (2003)., Soil Organic Carbon Pool in Indian Forests., Forest Ecology and Management, 173(1-3), 187-199. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0378-1127(02)00016-6
- Six J., Feller C., Denef K., Ogle S.M., de Moraes J.C. and Albrecht A. (2002)., Soil organic matter, biota and aggregation in temperate and tropical soils- effects of no-tillage., Agronomie, 22(7-8), 755-775. https://doi.org/10.1051/agro:2002043
- Kidanemariam A., Gebrekidan H., Mamo T. and Kibret K. (2012)., Impact of Altitude and Land Use Type on Some Physical and Chemical Properties of Acidic Soils in Tsegede Highlands, Northern Ethiopia., Open Journal of Soil Science, 2(3), 223-233. http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/ojss.2012.23027
- Cole V.C., Paustian K., Elliott E.T., Metherell A.K., Ojima D.S. and Parton W.J. (1993)., Analysis of Agroecosystem Carbon Pools., Water Air and Soil Pollution, 70(1-4), 357-371. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01105007
- Kumar S., Kumar M. and Sheikh M.A. (2010)., Effect of Altitudes on Soil and Vegetation Characterstics of Pinusroxburghii Forest in Garhwal Himalaya., Journal of Advanced Laboratory Research in Biology, 1(2), 130-133. ISSN: 0976-7614.
- He X., Hou E., Liu Y. and Wen D. (2016)., Altitudinal patterns and controls of plant and soil nutrient concentrations and stoichiometry in subtropical China., Scientific report, 6, 24261. https://doi.org/10.1038/srep24261
- Mooshammer M., Wanek W., Zechmeister-Boltenstern S. and Richter A. (2014)., Stoichiometric Imbalances Between Terrestrial Decomposer Communities and their Resources: Mechanisms and Implications of Microbial Adaptations to their Resources., Frontiers in Microbiology, 5, 1-10. https://doi.org/10.3389/fmicb.2014.00022
- Dorji T., Odeh I.O.A. and Field D.J. (2014)., Vertical Distribution of Soil Organic Carbon Density in Relation to Land Use/Cover, Altitude and Slope Aspect in the Eastern Himalayas., Land, 3, 1232-1250. https://doi.org/10.3390/land3041232
- Bhat Z.A., Padder S.A., Ganaie A.Q., Dar N.A., Rehman H.U. and Wani M.Y. (2017)., Correlation of available nutrients with physicochemical properties and nutrient content of grape orchards of Kashmir., Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry, 6(2), 181-185.
- Wang S., Huang M., Shao X., Mickler R.A., Li K. and Ji J. (2004)., Vertical distribution of soil organic carbon in China., Environmental Management, 33(Suppl1), S200-S209. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00267-003-9130-5
- Sakin E., Deliboran A., Sakin E.D. and Tutar E. (2010)., Carbon Stocks in Harran Plain Soils, Sanliurfa, Turkey., Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca, 38(3), 151-156. https://doi.org/10.15835/nbha3834888.