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Electronic waste - hazards, management and available green technologies for remediation - a review

Author Affiliations

  • 1School of Environment and Sustainable Development, Central University of Gujarat, Gandhinagar, Gujarat, 382030, India

Int. Res. J. Environment Sci., Volume 7, Issue (5), Pages 57-68, May,22 (2018)

Abstract

E-waste is generally an unusual expansion to the regularly developing dangerous waste stream. E-waste incorporates an extensive variety of discarded electronic devices like, refrigerators televisions, computers, air conditioners, and cell phones, that contains diverse sorts of hepatotoxic materials that pose professional and ecological threats including contaminating the surrounding environment harshly. The e-waste hazard is of worldwide anxiety attributable to the character of manufacturing and discarding of waste. Due to its complicated nature, it is becoming tough to manage. The unsafe content of these materials causes environmental issues as well as health threat to biodiversity including humans. Activities regarding electronic waste (e-waste) are growing as they will make contributions to the discharge of tenacious venomous substances into the surroundings. The challenge is to create advanced and proficient resolutions to clean the impure environment, to create them innocuous for livelihood for human being and to defend the ecosystems that help lifestyles. Bioremediation approach is presently in practice to get rid of pollutants from the surroundings. These technologies became enticing alternatives to the traditional clean up technologies attributable to comparatively little capital prices and their naturally visual nature. Hence, these skills got to be practical to clean e-waste from the soil-water surroundings. This review paper deals with e-waste configuration, classification, international and Indian e-waste eventualities, scenarios of retrievable, decomposable, and unsafe constituents found within the e-waste, the greatest obtainable practices, reprocessing, and retrieval processes and their ecological risks. The article additionally summarizes the unsafe effects of e waste, and pioneer bioremediation technologies to get rid of it from the surroundings.

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