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Tracing the effect of a widely used surfactant on Channa punctatus (Bloch)

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Zoology, Sreegopal Banerjee College, Magra Hooghly, West Bengal, India

Int. Res. J. Environment Sci., Volume 7, Issue (5), Pages 44-49, May,22 (2018)

Abstract

Assessment of environmental parameters is considered as a vital source of information in community health and management of toxic contaminants. Metals, pesticides, and other xenobiotics are potent pollutants which creates serious threats directly to various aquatic species and subsequently causes harm to other land dwelling organisms as well. Aquatic pollution has become a major pricking issue nowadays because this not only creates problems to the aquatic organisms directly but also causes threats to the fish consuming human community. Each and every organism has to depend on water for survival. But since the inception of civilization and advent of industrialization human has almost single handedly polluted water bodies by discharging industrial and house hold harmful chemicals in an ever increasing manner. Detergents are one of the topmost contaminants among all the chemicals released daily into the water bodies, both by industry and household. They are mostly made of surfactants which in turn may be of different types. Surfactants basically reduce surface tension between two liquids or between solid and liquid etc. Ammonium lauryl sulphate is one of such widely used surfactant in hand-wash and shampoo. The present study revealed the effects of Ammonium Lauryl Sulphate on several important water quality assessment parameters such as, pH, dissolved oxygen content and free carbon dioxide etc. Some physiological and histological parameters were also investigated on Channa sp. after exposing them into surfactant containing water and many of the parameters were found to differ from that of the unexposed individuals.

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