Exploring the effects of environmental factors, population density and occupancy on fire incidents – a case study of South-West Division of Delhi, India
- 1Delhi Fire Service and University School of Environment Mgt., Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University, New Delhi, India
- 2University School of Environment Management and Centre for Disaster Management Studies, Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University, New Delhi, India
- 3Department of Commerce, Delhi School of Economics, Delhi University, Delhi, India
Int. Res. J. Environment Sci., Volume 7, Issue (3), Pages 41-48, March,22 (2018)
Due to rapid increase in population, the fire and other emergency incidents has increased significantly in Delhi. The number of fatalities and injuries in fire and emergency incidents has been increased by 68% and 53% respectively since 2001. This paper investigates the causal factors for large number of fire incidents and their association with environmental factors like weather conditions, population density and different types of occupancies. Statistical analysis of the study revealed that there is a positive association between day temperature and fire incidents numbers in a day, whereas day humidity has a negative relationship with day fire incidents. Population density is not found to be significantly associated with number of fire occurrences. Fire incidents in low rise private dwellings and apartment houses, under residential occupancy, account for the highest number of incidents i.e. about 38 % of total fire incidents. Approximately more than 50 % fatalities and injuries in fire incidents are found to have occurred in low rise residential occupancy buildings. The timings of fire incidents of about 50 % of total fatalities in these residential occupancy occurred between 00:00 hrs to 06:00 hrs and the number of total injuries of about 35% were between 18:00 hrs to 24:00 hrs.
- Delhi N. (2011)., Office of the Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India; 2014., Population Projections for India and States. [Online] http://www.census2011.co.in/census/state/ delhi.html. Last accessed on10 Nov. 2017.
- Delhi Fire Service website (2017), [Online] http://www.delhi.gov.in. Last accessed on 10 Nov. 2017., undefined, undefined
- Jennings C.R. (1999)., Socio-economic characteristics and their relationship to fire incidence: A review of literature., Fire Technology, 35(1), 7-34.
- Xin J. and Huang C.F. (2014)., Fire risk assessment of residential buildings based on fire statistics from China., Fire Technology, 50(5), 1147-1161.
- Gunther P. (1980)., Fire cause patterns for different socio-economic neighborhoods in Toledo, Ohio., FEMA. Fire Journal, 75, 52-58.
- Corcoran J., Higgs G., Rohde D. and Chhetri P. (2011)., Investigating the association between weather conditions, calendar events and socio-economic patterns with trends in fire incidence: an Australian case study., Journal of Geographical Systems, 13(2), 193-226. DOI. 10.1 1007/s10109-009-0102-z.
- Waller A. and Marshall S. (1993)., Childhood thermal injuries in New Zealand resulting in death and Hospitalization., Burns, 19(5), 371-376.
- Waller A.E., Marshall S.W. and Langley J.D. (1998)., Adult thermal injuries in New Zealand resulting in death and hospitalization., Burns, 24(3), 245-251.
- Weather history website (2017). [Online]. https://www.wunderground.com (last accessed on 16 Nov. 2017)., undefined, undefined
- National Building Code of India (2016)., Fire and Life Safety., Part 4, Bureau of Indian Standard, 2016