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Magnetotactic bacteria and their application in environmental clean-up: A review

Author Affiliations

  • 1Dept. of Environ. Science and Eng., Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Indian School of Mines (ISM), Dhanbad - 826004, Jharkhand, India
  • 2Dept. of Environ. Science and Eng., Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Indian School of Mines (ISM), Dhanbad - 826004, Jharkhand, India

Int. Res. J. Environment Sci., Volume 6, Issue (7), Pages 63-68, July,22 (2017)

Abstract

Magnetotactic bacteria are a miscellaneous cluster of microorganisms having geomagnetism aided navigation property against applied magnetic field. This oneness is because of the presence of intracellular organelles magnetosomes comprising a membrane-bound crystals of magnetic iron minerals which are formed due to partial reduction of ferric iron in the iron-rich environment. It can biomineralize magnetic particles into uniform size structure, which has gained much more attention over chemically synthesized magnetic nanoparticles. The advantage of this bacteria over other microorganisms are that they are non-pathogenic,motile and easily isolated from the environment. With implications in various fields, including evolutionary biology, biogeochemistry, and nanotechnology, research on MTB and their magnetosomes has steadily increased since they were described by Richard Blakemore in 1975. Regardless of wide acknowledgment, there is still the lesser-known application of magnetotactic bacteria in remediation of wastewater. This review paper deals with the diversity of magnetotactic bacteria and their application in environmental clean-up.

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