Quality assessment and monitoring for presence of arsenic in tap water collected from various locations of Lahore, Pakistan
- 1Pakistan Council of Scientific and Industrial Research Laboratories Complex, Ferozepur Road, Lahore, 54600, Pakistan and Institute of Quality and Technology Management, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan
- 2Pakistan Council of Scientific and Industrial Research Laboratories Complex, Ferozepur Road, Lahore, 54600, Pakistan
- 3Institute of Quality and Technology Management, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan
- 4Bright Future International School, Abu Hamour Doha, Qatar
- 5Pakistan Council of Scientific and Industrial Research Laboratories Complex, Ferozepur Road, Lahore, 54600, Pakistan
Int. Res. J. Environment Sci., Volume 6, Issue (6), Pages 8-11, June,22 (2017)
The present study aims to assess and monitor the tap water collected from various locations in Lahore, Pakistan for arsenic contamination. The presence of Arsenic (As) in tap drinking water is a somber threat to human health due to its carcinogenic nature. The quantity of Arsenic in tap water was detected by using inductively coupled plasma. 20 samples of tap water were collected for determination of arsenic contamination. Arsenic concentration in 16 samples was found beyond permissible limits i.e. 10 ppb as recommended by WHO. It is of worth importance that 80%; a large number of tap water samples collected from various areas of Lahore are contaminated with Arsenic which is toxic metal. Hence, it is direly needed to adapt alleviation and preventive measures for reducing the probability of health hazardous issues related to arsenic contamination.
- Arora M., Kiran B., Rani S., Rani A., Kaur B. and Mittal N. (2008)., Heavy metal accumulation in vegetables irrigated with water from different sources., Food Chemistry, 111(4), 811-815.
- Barati A.H., Maleki A. and Alasvand M. (2010)., Multi-trace element level in drinking water and the prevalence of multi-chronic arsenical poisoning in residents in the west area of Iran., Sci. Total Environ, 408(7), 1523-1529.
- Li J., He M., Han W. and Gu Y. (2009)., Analysis and assessment on heavy metal sources in the coastal soils developed from alluvial deposits using multivariate statistical methods., J. Hazar. Mater., 164(2), 976-981.
- Misund A., Frengstad B., Siewer U. and Reimann C. (1999)., Variation of 66 elements in European bottled mineral waters., Sci. Total Environ., 243, 21-41.
- World Health Organization WHO. (2003)., United Nations Synthesis Report on Arsenic in Drinking Water.,
- Roychowdhury T., Tokunaga H. and Ando M. (2003)., Survey of arsenic and other heavy metals in food composites and drinking water and estimation of dietary intake by the villagers from an arsenic affected area of West Bengal, India., Sci. Total Environ, 308(1-3), 15-35.
- Hughes M.F. (2002)., Arsenic toxicity and potential mechanisms of action., Toxicology Letters, 133, 1-16.
- Steinmaus C., Yuan Y., Bates M.N. and Smith A.H. (2003)., Case-control study of bladder cancer and drinking water arsenic in the western United States., American J. Epidemiology, 158, 1193-1201.
- WHO. (2011)., Guidelines for drinking water quality, volume 1, recommendations., Geneva, World Health Organization. http://whqlibdoc.who.int/publications/2011/9789241548151_eng.pdf).
- Mahar M.T., Khuhawar M.Y., Jahangir T.M. and Baloch M.A. (2015)., Determination of arsenic contents in groundwater of District Rahim Yar Khan Southern Punjab, Pakistan., Arabian Journal of Geosciences, 8(12), 10983-10994.
- Litter M.I., Morgada M.E. and Bundschuh J. (2010)., Possible treatments for arsenic removal in Latin American waters for human consumption., Environmental Pollution, 158(5), 1105-1118.
- Mosaferi M., Taghipour H., Hassani A.M., Borghei M., Kamali Z. and Ghadirzadeh A. (2008)., Study of arsenic presence in drinking water sources: a case study., Iranian Journal of Health and Environment, 1(1), 19-28.
- Mondal D., Banerjee M., Kundu M., Banerjee N., Bhattacharya U., Giri A.K., Ganguli B., Roy S.S. and Polya D.A. (2010)., Comparison of drinking water, raw rice and cooking of rice as arsenic exposure routes in three contrasting areas of West Bengal, India., Environmental geochemistry and health, 32(6), 463-477.
- Petrusevski B., Sharma S., Schippers J.C. and Shordt K. (2007)., Arsenic in drinking water. Delft: IRC International Water and Sanitation Centre., 17(1), 36-44.
- Jain C.K. and Ali I. (2000)., Arsenic: occurrence, toxicity and speciation techniques., Water Res., 34(17), 4304-4312.