10th International Science Congress (ISC-2020).  International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Germination of Bursera bipinata (DC.) Engl and Bursera glabrifolia (H.B.K.) Engl under pre-germinative treatments

Author Affiliations

  • 1Universidad Autónoma de Chapingo, C.P. 56230, Texcoco, México
  • 2Universidad Autónoma de Chapingo, C.P. 56230, Texcoco, México
  • 3Colegio de Postgraduados Campus Montecillo, C.P. 56230, Texcoco, México

Int. Res. J. Environment Sci., Volume 6, Issue (4), Pages 13-17, April,22 (2017)


The Bursera family has been hardly studied in Mexico even when it is of major ecological and economic importance, for regeneration including preservation of biodiversity in deciduous tropical forests and the use for wood and resins by the human communities dwelling therein. This study was conducted in a greenhouse of Colegio de Postgraduados, campus Montecillo, Estado de México, to assess the seed germination of Bursera glabrifolia and Bursera bipinatausing 240 seeds from each species, with 60 seeds per treatment. Pre-germinative treatments in the study involved the soaking of seeds under different conditions: i. 95% sulphuric acid for 5 minutes; ii. hot water at 80ºC for 3 minutes; iii. 300 ppm Gibberellin AG5 for 24 h.; iv. water at 20 degrees as the control group. The substrate used was constituted by25%agrolite, 25% vermiculite and 50% peatmoss. Three seeds were putper 220 CC plastic tree tube. Three months after seeding the germinated seeds were counted. The largest number of germinated seeds was obtained with the gibberellin AG5 treatment, and the second largest was obtained from the control group. Treatments with sulphuric acid and hot water had a low effect on seed germination.


  1. Trejo I. and Dirzo R. (2000)., Deforestation of seasonally dry tropical forest: a national analysis in Mexico., Biological Conservation, 94(2), 133-142.
  2. Cházaro B.M., Mostul B.L. and García L.F. (2010)., Mexican copals (Bursera spp.)., Bouteloua, 7, 57-70.
  3. Loeza-Corte J.M., Díaz-López E., Campos-Pastelín J.M. and Orlando-Guerrero J.I. (2013)., Efecto de lignificación de estacas sobre enraizamiento de Bursera morelensis Ram. y Bursera galeottiana Engl. en la Universidad de la Cañada en Teotitlán de Flores Magón, Oaxaca, México., Ciencia Ergo Sum, 20(3), 222-226.
  4. Andrés-Hernández A.R. and Espinosa-Organista D. (2002)., Morfología de plántulas de Bursera Jacq. ex L.(Burseraceae) y sus implicaciones filogenética., Soc. Bot. México, 70, 5-12.
  5. Barrales-Alcalá B.A. (2009)., Bursera copallifera initial establishment of three sites with different degrees of disturbance.Professional thesis (Biology)., Faculty of Sciences, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. México, D. F. México., 41.
  6. Reyes Reyes J., Aldrete A., Cetina A.V.M. and López U.J. (2005)., Producción de plántulas de Pinus pseudostrobus Var. apulcensis en sustratos a base de Aserrín., Chapingo Journal, Forestry and Enviromental science series 11(2), 105-110.
  7. Ruiz L.J., Azcona C.M.I. and Velasco V.V.A. (2008)., Risk factors and blood lead levels in undergraduate students., Naturaleza y Desarrollo, 6(1), 26-32.
  8. Rodríguez T.D.A. (1993)., Analysis of forest seeds., Universidad Autónoma Chapingo. División de Ciencias Forestales, 48.
  9. Hernández-Pérez E., González-Espinosa M., Trejo I. and Bonfil C. (2011)., Bursera gender distribution in the state of Morelos, Mexico and its relationship with climate., Mexicana de Biodiversidad, 82, 964-976.
  10. Ortiz-Pulido R. and Pavón N.P. (2010)., Influence of slopeorientationon sex ratio and sizedistribution in a dioeciousplant Bursera fagaroides var. purpusii., , PlantEcology, 208(2), 271-277.
  11. Bonfil S.C., Cajero L.l. and Evans R. (2008)., Seed germination of six species of Burseras from central Mexico., Agrociencias, 42(7), 82-834.
  12. Salisbury F. and Ross C. (2000)., Physiology of plants., Plant development and environmental physiology. Edition Thomson Paraninfo. Spain, 3, 988.
  13. Orantes-García C., Pérez F.M.A., Rioja P.T.M. and Garrido E.R. (2013)., Viability and seed germination of three tree species native to the rainforest, Chiapas, Mexico., Polibotánica, 36, 117-127.
  14. Latsague V.M., Sáez D.P. and Coronado A.L. (2010)., Pregermination treatments of Myrceugenia exsucca (Myrtaceae)., BOSQUE, 31(3), 243-246.
  15. Bilbao B. and Matías C. (1979)., Effect of different methods of scarification on germination of seeds Cenchrus ciliaris cv. Biloela., Pastos y Forrajes, 2(2), 225-238.
  16. Narbona E., Arista M. and Ortiz P.L. (2003)., Germinación de las semillas del madroño (Arbutus unedo L., Ericaceae)., ActaBotánicaMalacitana, 28, 73-78.
  17. Nargaraja C. and Farooqi A. (1989)., Studies on the seed germination as influenced by various pre treatments in Bursera., Indian Perfumer, 33(1), 48-53.