Monitoring of tiger and associated species in Nihal-Bhakra corridor of Terai Arc Landscape, India
- 1World Wide Fund for nature-India, 172-B, Lodi Estate, New Delhi-110003, India
- 2World Wide Fund for nature-India, 172-B, Lodi Estate, New Delhi-110003, India
Int. Res. J. Environment Sci., Volume 6, Issue (11), Pages 34-45, November,22 (2017)
Wildlife corridors are the key to long term conservation of territorial big cats such as tiger. These corridors are known to provide access to the new forest patches to the dispersing tigers where they can establish their territories. Linear development in the absence of any smart green infrastructure increases fragmentation of the wildlife habitat and poses threat to the wild animals including tigers. Present study aimed to monitor tiger and its associated species in a corridor by using 30 pairs of camera traps in a period of 30 days. In total, fifteen mammalian species were recorded in addition to tiger. World’s smallest wild cat i.e. rusty spotted cat was also recorded from the study area which is first capture of the species from this corridor. However, largest terrestrial mammal photo-captured during the study was elephant.
- Wikramanayake E.D., Dinerstein E., Robinson J.G., Karanth U.K., Rabinowitz A., Olson D., Mathew T., Hedao P., Conner M., Hemley G. and Bolze D. (1998)., An ecology-based method for defining priorities for large mammal conservation: the tiger as case study., Conservation Biology, 12(4), 865-878.
- Miquelle D.G., Merrill W.T., Dunishenko Y.M., Smirnov E.N., Quigley H.B., Pikunov D.G. and Hornocker M.G. (1999)., A habitat protection plan for the Amur tiger: developing political and ecological criteria for a viable land-use plan., Riding the Tiger: Tiger Conservation in Human-dominated Landscapes (eds J. Seidensticker, S. Christie & P. Jackson), Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, 273-295.
- Dinerstein E., Loucks C., Wikramanayake E., Ginsberg J., Sanderson E., Seidensticker J., Forrest J., Bryja G., Heydlauff A., Klenaendorf S., Leimgruber P., Mills J., O’Brien T.G., Shrestha M., Simons R. and Songer M. (2007)., The fate of wild tigers., BioScience, 57(6), 508-514.
- Harris L.D. (1984)., The Fragmented Forest. Island Biogeographic Theory and the Preservation of Biotic Diversity., Chicago University Press: Chicago.
- Saunders D.A., Hobbs R.J. and Margules C.R. (1991)., Biological consequences of ecosystem fragmentation: a review., Conservation Biology, 5, 18-32.
- Dinerstein E. and Wikramanayake E.D. (1993)., Beyond, Conservation Biology, 7, 53-65.
- Seidensticker J. (1987)., Managing tigers in the Sunderbans: experience and opportunity., Tigers of the world: The biology, biopolitics, management, and conservation of an endangered species, Noyes Publications, Park Ridge, New Jersey, 416-426.
- Rabinowitz A. (1993)., Estimating the Indochinese tiger Pantheratigriscorbetti population in Thailand., Biological Conservation, 65(3), 213-217.
- Karanth K.U. (1991)., Ecology and management of tiger in tropical Asia., Wildlife Conservation: present trends and perspectives for the 21st century, Japan Wildlife Research Centre, Yushima, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, 156-159.
- Nowell K. and Jackson P. (1996)., Wild cats: status survey and conservation action plan., Cat Specialists Group, World Conservation Union/Species Survival Commission, Gland, Switzerland.
- Smythies E.A. (1942)., Big Game Shooting in Nepal., Spink & Co, Calcutta, India.
- Johnsingh A.J.T, Ramesh K., Qureshi Q., David A., Goyal S.P., Rawat G.S., Rajapandian K. and Prasad S. (2004)., Conservation status of tiger and associated species in the Terai Arc Landscape, India. RR-04/001, Wildlife Institute of India., Dehradun, 110.
- Rajapandian K., Anwar M. and Goyal S.P. (2010)., Evaluation of functional status and quality of corridors connecting fragmented population of tiger in the Indian part of Terai Arc Landscape Phase II. Final Technical Report, Wildlife Institute of India., Dehradun, India, 261.
- Schaller G.B. (1967)., The deer and the tiger., University of Chicago Press, Chicago.
- McDougal C. (1977)., The face of the tiger., Rivington Books. London.
- Karanth K.U. (1995)., Estimating tiger (Pantheratigris) populations from camera trapping data using capture-recapture models., Biological Conservation, 71(3), 333-338.
- Beyer H.L. (2004)., Hawth, http://www.spatialecology.com/htools.
- Carbone C., Christie S., Conforti K., Coulson T., Franklin N., Ginsberg J.R., Griffiths M., Holden J., Kawanishi K., Kinnaird M., Laidlaw R., Lynam A., MacDounald D.W., Martyr D., McDougal C., Nath L., O’Brian T., Seidensticker J., Smith D.J.L., Sunquist M., Tilson R., Shahruddin N. and Wan W. (2001)., The use of photographic rates to estimate densities of tiger and other cryptic mammals., Animal Conservation, 4, 75-79.
- Bowkett A.E., Rover F. and Marshall A.R. (2007)., The use of camera-trap data to model habitat use by antelope species in the Udzungwa Mountain forests, Tamzania., African Journal of Ecology, 46, 479-487.
- Rovero F., Jones T. and Sanderson J. (2005)., Notes on Abbott, Tropical Zoology, 18, 13-23.
- Jhala Y.V., Qureshi Q., Gopal R. and Sinha P.R. (2011)., Status of tigers, co-predators and prey in India, 2010. National tiger conservation authority and wildlife institute of india., Dehradun, TR 2011 (003), 1-302. http://www. butchlama. com/Wild_India/Tiger_Census_files/staus_tiger_2010% 20WII. pdf.
- Karanth K.U. and Sunquist M.E. (1995)., Prey selection by tiger, leopard and dhole in tropical forests., Journal of Animal Ecology, 64, 439-450.
- Anwar M., Chowdhury D.M.R., Kandpal K.D. and Vattakaven J. (2014)., Monitoring of tiger and associated species, Kosi River corridor, Uttarakhand, India., Technical report by WWF-India.
- Johnsingh A.J.T. and Negi A.S. (1998)., Only disturbance-free well-managed habitats can save the tiger., Cat News, 28(4).
- Karanth K.U. and Stith B.M. (1999)., Prey depletion as a critical determinant of tiger population viability., Riding the Tiger: Tiger Conservation in Humandominated Landscapes, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, 100-113.
- Karanth K.U., Sunquist M. and Chinnappa K.M. (1999)., Long-term monitoring of tigers: lessons from Nagarhole., Riding the Tiger, Tiger conservation in human dominated landscapes, The Zoological Society of London, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 114-122.
- Goyal S.P., Chauhan D.S., Agrawal M.K. and Thapa R. (2000)., A study on distribution, relative abundance and food habits of leopard (Pantherapardus) in Garhwal Himalayas., Technical report. Wildlife Institute of India, Dehradun.
- NTCA. (2013)., Letter of National Tiger Conservation Authority, India addressed to the chief wildlife wardens of tiger states., (No. 15-38/2010-NTCA).
- Anwar M., Hasan D. and Vattakaven J. (2012)., Rusty-spotted cat in Katerniaghat Wildlife Sanctuary, Uttar Pradesh state, India., Cat News, 56, 12-13.
- Anwar M., Kumar H. and Vattakaven J. (2010)., Range extension of rusty-spotted cat to the Indian Terai., Cat News, 53, 25-26.