6th International Virtual Congress (IYSC-2020) And Workshop. 10th International Science Congress (ISC-2020).  International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Prospective role of a tropical rural lake on preservation of distinct populations

Author Affiliations

  • 1PG and Research Department of Zoology, Sri Vasavi College, Erode 638 316, Affiliated to Bharathiar University, Coimbatore, India
  • 2PG and Research Department of Zoology, Sri Vasavi College, Erode 638 316, Affiliated to Bharathiar University, Coimbatore, India

Int. Res. J. Environment Sci., Volume 6, Issue (1), Pages 53-61, January,22 (2017)

Abstract

Freshwater lakes are sole habitat for wide range of biota. Especially the tropical freshwater lakes are unique ecosystem supports very sensitive biotic communities. The components of various trophic levels of tropical freshwater are easily altered by various factors. These factors may be anthropogenic or natural. Study area Vellode Lake (110804.04 N and 7703752.42) is a typical South Indian tropical freshwater lakes supports wide range of biodiversity. To find the potential importance of the lake ecosystem, present investigation exclusively eyed on diversity of economically useful medicinal plants and aesthetic avifaunal communities. In the present investigation 63 medicinal plants including 3 grasses, 26 herbs, 6 twinks, 7 shrubs and 21 trees. The attractive avifaunal components of the lake is comprised of 9 migratory including one vulnerable Pelecanus crispus, two near threatened Mycteria leucochephala and Threskiornis melanocephalus, 28 local migratory and 61 resident birds including near threatened Anhinga melanogaster. Factors associated with the management of Vellode lake were identified and required implementations are highlighted.

References

  1. Vannote R.L., Wayne M., Kenneth W.C., James R.S. and Colbert E.G. (1980)., The River Continuum Concept., Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 37(1), 130-137.
  2. Hadwen W.L. and Bunn S.E. (2005)., Food web responses to low-level nutrient and 15N-tracer additions in the littoral zone of an oligotrophic dune lake., Limnol. Oceanogr., 50(4), 10961105.
  3. Gururaja, K.V., Ali, S. and Ramachandra, T.V. (2008)., Influence of land use changes in river basin on biodiversity and distribution of Amphibians., In: Ramachandra (ed.), Environmental education for ecosystem conservation, Capital publishing company, New Delhi, 33-42.
  4. Covich A.P., Melanie C.A, Felix B., Eric C., Bradley J.C., Catherine L.B., Pablo I., Olivier D., Martin S., Mark O.G., Bernhard, S.R. and Brian M. (2004)., The role of biodiversity in the functioning of freshwater and marine benthic ecosystems., Bioscience, 54(8): 767-775.
  5. Prasad S.N., Ramachandran T.V., Ahalya N., Sengupta T., Kumar Alok, Tiwari A.K., Vijan V.S. and Lalitha Vijyan (2002)., Conservation of wetlands of India Review., Trop. Ecol., 43(1),173-186.
  6. Bibby C., Jones M. and Marsden S. (1998)., Expedition Field Techniques-Bird Surveys., Bird Life International Publication. Cambridge.
  7. Ali S. (1996)., The book of Indian Birds. 12th Ed., Bombay Natural History Society, New Delhi.
  8. Ali S., Ripley S.D., Dick J.H. (1987)., Hand Book of the birds of India and Pakistan., Compact Ed., OUP, Bombay.
  9. Tarzwell C.M. (1937)., Experimental evidence on the value of trout stream improvement in Michigan., Transactions of the American Fisheries Society, 66(1), 177187.
  10. Trautman M.B. (1981)., The fishes of Ohio., Ohio State University Press, Columbus, Ohio.
  11. Khan I.Y., Dekou V., Hanson M.A., Poston L. and Taylor P.D. (2004)., Predictive adaptive responses to maternal high-fat diet prevent endothelial dysfunction but not hypertension in adult rat offspring., Circulation, 110, 10971102.
  12. Ahmad J., Malik A.A. and Shakya L. (2013)., Urban development: A treat to wild species of medicinal and aromatic plants., Mid. East J. Sci. Res., 13(7), 947-951.
  13. Udhayakumar A. and Natarajan V. (2013)., Studies on the medicinal plants used by Malayali tribes in Kolli hills in Tamilnadu., Intl. J. Basic and Life Sci., 1(1), 16- 29.
  14. Murugeswaran R., Rajendran A., Venkatesan K., Thomas B. and Aravindan V. (2014)., Potential plants for unani system of medicine from Western Ghats of Coimbatore district, Tamilnadu, India., J. Sci., 4(2), 106 112.
  15. Nagumanthri V., Rahiman S., Tantry B.A., Nissankarao P. and Phani Kumar (2012)., In-vitro antimicrobial activity of Acalia nilotica, Ziziphus mauritiana, Bauhiaia variegale and Lantana camera against some clinical strains., Iranian J. Sci. Technol., 213-217.
  16. Kaur R., Gonzales W.L., Llambi L.D., Soriano P.J., Callaway R.M., Rout E.M., Gallaler J.T. and Inderjit (2013)., Community Impacts of Prosopis juliflora Invasion: Biogeographic and congeneric comparison., PLOS ONE, 7(9), e44966. Doi; 10. 137/ journal. Pone 0044066.
  17. Padmavathy A., Alexander R. and Anbarashan M. (2010)., Diversity of birds in Ouster wetlands Puducherry, India., Our Nat., 8: 247-253.
  18. Chilke A.M. (2012)., Avain Diversity in and around Bamanvada lake of Rajura district, Chandrapur (Maharastra)., Annals Biol. Res., 3(4), 2014-2018.
  19. Mariappan N., Kalfan A.B.K. and Krishnakumar S. (2013)., Assessment of bird population in different habitats of agricultural ecosystem., I. J. Sci. Res. Env. Sci., 1(11), 306-316.
  20. Urfi A.J., Sen M., Kalam A. and Meganathan T. (2005)., Counting binds in India: Methodologies and trends., Curr. Sci., 89(12), 1997-2003.
  21. Bhat I.P., Cristopher S.S. and Hosetti B.B. (2009)., Avifaurnal diversity of Anakere wetland, Kerala, Udupi district, India., J. Envion. Bril., 30(6), 1059-1062.