Prospective role of a tropical rural lake on preservation of distinct populations
- 1PG and Research Department of Zoology, Sri Vasavi College, Erode – 638 316, Affiliated to Bharathiar University, Coimbatore, India
- 2PG and Research Department of Zoology, Sri Vasavi College, Erode – 638 316, Affiliated to Bharathiar University, Coimbatore, India
Int. Res. J. Environment Sci., Volume 6, Issue (1), Pages 53-61, January,22 (2017)
Freshwater lakes are sole habitat for wide range of biota. Especially the tropical freshwater lakes are unique ecosystem supports very sensitive biotic communities. The components of various trophic levels of tropical freshwater are easily altered by various factors. These factors may be anthropogenic or natural. Study area Vellode Lake (1108’04.04” N and 77037’52.42”) is a typical South Indian tropical freshwater lakes supports wide range of biodiversity. To find the potential importance of the lake ecosystem, present investigation exclusively eyed on diversity of economically useful medicinal plants and aesthetic avifaunal communities. In the present investigation 63 medicinal plants including 3 grasses, 26 herbs, 6 twinks, 7 shrubs and 21 trees. The attractive avifaunal components of the lake is comprised of 9 migratory including one vulnerable Pelecanus crispus, two near threatened Mycteria leucochephala and Threskiornis melanocephalus, 28 local migratory and 61 resident birds including near threatened Anhinga melanogaster. Factors associated with the management of Vellode lake were identified and required implementations are highlighted.
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