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Effect of heavy metals and xenobiotic compound on growth of some endophytic fungi isolated from Achanakmar –Amarkantak biosphere reserve, India

Author Affiliations

  • 1Microbial Physiological Laboratory, Department of Botany, C.M. Dubey Post Graduate College Bilaspur (Chhattisgarh), India
  • 2Microbial Physiological Laboratory, Department of Botany, C.M. Dubey Post Graduate College Bilaspur (Chhattisgarh), India
  • 3Microbial Physiological Laboratory, Department of Botany, C.M. Dubey Post Graduate College Bilaspur (Chhattisgarh), India
  • 4Microbial Physiological Laboratory, Department of Botany, C.M. Dubey Post Graduate College Bilaspur (Chhattisgarh), India

Int. Res. J. Environment Sci., Volume 6, Issue (1), Pages 35-40, January,22 (2017)

Abstract

The present study reports effect of heavy metals and Xenobiotic compound against the growth of some endophytic fungi. The endophytes were isolated from Sal (Sorea robusta) and Bahera (Terminallia bellerica) tree of Achanakmar-Amarkantak biosphere reserve, India. In view of the diversity of fungi Fusarium sp.1 and Colletotrichum sp.1 was screened for present work. The fungi were treated with soluble and insoluble heavy metals and Benxyl hexa chloride. The Fusarium sp. 1 was found resistant towards FeCl2 and ZnSO4 while 75% growth inhibition was observed with CuSO4. Inhibition of growth of 66.67% was found with the treatment of ZnSO4 and CuSO4 to Colletotrichum sp. 1. Both the fungi demonstrated most extreme growth inhibition with insoluble Cu and Al while tolerance towards Cr and Pb. Fusarium Sp. 1 was found more delicate with the Benxyl hexa chloride with half hindrance of development in 500 mg/l concentration while just 25% development of Colletotrichum sp. 1 was restrained with the same. The P value for use of different concentration of heavy metals has been found P 0.44 for Fusarium sp. 1 while for Colletotricum it was recorded P 0.79 indicates no significant difference. Now it is concluded that endophytic fungi endure the heavy metals and xenobiotic compounds yet impact on the development was seen when concentration increases.`

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