6th International Virtual Congress (IVC-2019) And Workshop.  International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Interference of dust deposition on the physiology of roadside plants: screening bio-filters using a differential green exhaust absorption method

Author Affiliations

  • 1Post Graduate Department of Botany, Barasat Government College, 10 K N C Road, Barasat, Kolkata- 700124, India
  • 2Post Graduate Department of Botany, Barasat Government College, 10 K N C Road, Barasat, Kolkata- 700124, India
  • 3Agricultural and Ecological Research Unit, Indian Statistical Institute, 203 B.T. Road, Kolkata - 700108, India

Int. Res. J. Environment Sci., Volume 6, Issue (1), Pages 28-34, January,22 (2017)

Abstract

Plant leaves are the receptors of atmospheric gases and sunlight. Roadside dust and particulate pollutants deposited on the surfaces of plant leaves can impact plant physiology. The rate of dust deposition and the level of interference can also vary with species. The present sampling was conducted along the roadsides around Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose (N.S.C.B.) International Airport, Kolkata, India. The area is highly congested with a variety of motor vehicles that generate heavy gaseous and particulate pollutants into the surrounding air. We studied the differential effects of dust deposition on plant mesophyll cell-sap pH, relative water content, chlorophylls a and b and carotenoid, ascorbic acid, total protein, sugar contents. We also examined the differential reduction of oxygen release to the surrounding atmosphere. Dust deposition was found to be highest on Ficus benghalensis and lowest on Polyalthia longifolia out of the total number of roadside species studied (n = 5) in this research. Furthermore, Polyalthia longifolia was found to be least affected by dust deposition as estimated by our air pollution tolerance index (APTI) and in terms of oxygen emitted to the surrounding air. We determined a set of species that can cope best with dust deposition, which will help determine the optimal species to be used in the abatement of particulate roadside pollution and as natural filters.

References

  1. Najeeba S. and Saleem M. (1997)., Air pollution by motor vehicle emission at Murree Highway., J Rawal Med Coll, 1(2), 75-77.
  2. Roach S.A. and Rappaport S.M. (1990)., But they are not thresholds: a critical analysis of the documentation of threshold limit values., American journal of industrial medicine, 17(6), 727-753.
  3. Nagpure A.K., Gurjar B.R., Sahni N. and Kumar P. (2010)., Pollutant emissions from road vehicles in megacity Kolkata, India: past and present trends., Indian Journal of Air Pollution Control, 10(2), 18-30.
  4. Roy Chowdhury I. (2015)., Scenario of Vehicular Emissions and its Effect on Human Health in Kolkata City., International Journal of Humanities and Social Science Invention, 4(5), 01-09.
  5. Armbrust D.V. (1986)., Effect of particulates (dust) on cotton growth, photosynthesis and respiration., Agronomy Journal, 78(6), 1078-1081.
  6. Dubey P.S. (1986)., Procedure manual. All India Co-ordinated programme., Air pollution and plants. Deptt. of Env. Govt. of India, New Delhi, India.
  7. Mansfield T.A. (1976)., Effects of Air Pollutants on Plants., Society for Experimental Biology, Seminar Series: CUP Archive, 1.
  8. Warren J.L. (1973)., Green Space for Air Pollution Control., School of Forest Resources, Tech. Rep. No. 50, North Carolina State Univ., Raleigh, NC, 118.
  9. Singh S.K. and Rao D.N. (1983)., Evaluation of plants for their tolerance to air pollution., In Proceedings of symposium on air pollution control, 1, 218-224.
  10. Schutzki R.E. and Cregg B. (2007)., Abiotic Plant Disorders: Symptoms, Signs and Solutions: a Diagnostic Guide to Problem Solving., Michigan State University Extension.
  11. Prajapati S.K. and Tripathi B.D. (2008)., Seasonal variation of leaf dust accumulation and pigment content in plant species exposed to urban particulates pollution., Journal of environmental quality, 37(3), 865-870.
  12. Millan-Almaraz J.R., Guevara-Gonzalez R.G., Romero-Troncoso R., Osornio-Rios R.A. and Torres-Pacheco I. (2009)., Advantages and disadvantages on photosynthesis measurement techniques: A review., African Journal of Biotechnology, 8(25).
  13. Lichtenthaler H.K. (1987)., Chlorophyll and carotenoids: pigments of photosynthetic biomembranes., Methods in Enzymology, 148, 350-382.
  14. Liu Y.J. and Ding H. (2008)., Variation in air pollution tolerance index of plants near a steel factory: Implication for landscape-plant species selection for industrial areas., WSEAS Transactions on Environment and development,4(1), 24-32.
  15. Roe J. and Kuether C. (1943)., Estimation of ascorbic acid., J Biol Chem, 147, 3999.
  16. Keller J. and Lamprecht R. (1995)., Road dust as an indicator for air pollution transport and deposition: an application of SPOT imagery., Remote Sensing of Environment, 54(1), 1-12.
  17. Lowry O.H., Rosebrough N.J., Farr A.L. and Randall R.J. (1951)., Protein measurement with the Folin phenol reagent., J boil Chem, 193(1), 265-275.
  18. Pons A., Roca P., Aguiló C., Garcia F.J., Alemany M. and Palou A. (1981)., A method for the simultaneous determinations of total carbohydrate and glycerol in biological samples with the anthrone reagent., Journal of biochemical and biophysical methods, 4(3-4), 227-231.
  19. Sharma G.K. and Butler J. (1975)., Environmental pollution: Leaf cuticular patterns in Trifolium pratense L., Annals of Botany, 39(5), 1087-1090.
  20. Sharma G.K. (1992)., Bougainvillea glabra L.: cuticular response to environmental pollution., Geobios, 19, 239-242.
  21. Thakar B.K. and Mishra P.C. (2010)., Dust collection potential and air pollution tolerance index of tree vegetation around Vedanta Aluminium Limited, Jharsuguda., The Bioscan, 3, 603-612.
  22. Joshi N., Bora M. and Haridwar U. (2011)., Impact of air quality on physiological attributes of certain plants., Report and Opinion, 3(2), 42-47.
  23. Rai P.K. and Panda L.S. (2014)., Leaf dust deposition and its impact on biochemical aspect of some roadside plants in Aizawl, Mizoram, North-East India., International Research Journal of Environmental Sciences, 3(11), 14-19.
  24. Prasad M.S.V. and Inamdar J.A. (1990)., Effect of cement kiln dust pollution on groundnut (Arachis hypogaea)., Indian botanical contactor, 7(4), 159-162.
  25. Eller B.M. (1977)., Road dust induced increase of leaf temperature., Environmental Pollution (1970), 13(2), 99-107.
  26. Leghari S.K., Zaid M.A., Sarangzai A.M., Faheem M. and Shawani G.R. (2014)., Effect of road side dust pollution on the growth and total chlorophyll contents in Vitis vinifera L.(grape)., African Journal of Biotechnology, 13(11), 1237-1242.
  27. Saravana Kumar R. and Sarala Thambavani D. (2012)., Effect of Cement Dust Deposition on Physiological Behaviors of Some Selected Plant Species., International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research, 1(9), 98-105.