Charcoal Accessibility among Households in the Rural and Urban Areas of Trans-Nzoia and West-Pokot Counties, Kenya
- 1School of Natural Resource Management, University of Eldoret, P.O. Box 1125-30100 Eldoret, KENYA
- 2School of Natural Resource and Environmental Management, University of Kabianga P.O. Box 2030-20200 Kericho, KENYA
Int. Res. J. Environment Sci., Volume 5, Issue (6), Pages 30-40, June,22 (2016)
This study determined the accessibility of charcoal among households located in the rural and urban areas of Trans-Nzoia and West-Pokot Counties. The purpose was to provide scientific data for necessary interventions like formulation of appropriate policy to enhance sustainable charcoal accessibility. The study used cross-sectional research design and multi-stage sampling technique. Stratified random sampling strategy was employed in grouping households into rural and urban households. Convenient sampling technique was used in selecting Kacheliba and Kolongolo sub-locations to represent rural areas of West-Pokot and Trans-Nzoia respectively. Purposeful sampling strategy was used in selecting Makutano and Kitale towns to represent urban areas of West-Pokot and Trans-Nzoia correspondently. Systematic random sampling was used in selecting 91, 95, 78, and 91 households in Kacheliba, Kolongolo, Makutano and Kitale. Questionnaires, interviews and observation were used in data collection. Data was analyzed through Kruskal Wallis Test, and Chi-square test of association. Only information from households using charcoal was used in the analysis. The economic measures of charcoal accessibility used in the study were households’ monthly expenditure on charcoal, cost/Kilogram of charcoal, and budgetary allocation (%) on charcoal. Results indicated that average household monthly expenditure and cost/kg in Kacheliba were Kshs 1271.4 and Kshs 11.4 respectively. Average monthly budgetary allocation was 25.7% in Makutano. Common factors affecting charcoal accessibility were; land tenure system, government policies, cookstove technologies, and family size. Kruskal Wallis Test indicated that the mean ranks of charcoal average accessibility values between Kacheliba, Kolongolo, Makutano and Kitale were statistically significant [&
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