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A Nutritional Surveillance at Coastal Mannar District;Using Body Mass Index

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Bio-Science, Faculty of applied Science, Vavuniya Campus of the University of Jaffna, Vavuniya, Sri Lanka
  • 2Department of Bio-Science, Faculty of applied Science, Vavuniya Campus of the University of Jaffna, Vavuniya, Sri Lanka
  • 3Oil Palm Research Institute, Lunuwila, India

Int. Res. J. Environment Sci., Volume 5, Issue (4), Pages 42-46, April,22 (2016)

Abstract

BMI is one of the tactic to analyze the nutritional status of human body by means of relating the body weight with height. That is human weight divided by their height squared. BMI has several categories. Generally, higher BMI root to higher risk. It is the best unit to know the healthy status of our body. The BMI level is categorized into several levels as: Underweight, Normal weight, Overweight, and obese. But it is not applicable for pregnant women and breast feeding mother. Study was considering the food habits how effects in BMI of the people in Mannar district. This would reflect the people in coastal area in Sri Lanka. Using data collected over 3 month from randomly selected 1392 participants in different areas in Mannar district. Data was collected about their height, weight, food habits, cooking methods, health status and economic status too. Thereafter discuss how these were involved in the BMI level and the health status. Approximately one-third (35%) of the population was normal weight, but 22 % of the population had severely underweight, 11% was underweight, 22% was overweight, and 10% was identified as obese. Underweight and overweight BMI need more consideration.

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