Identification and Assessment of Emerging Threats from Radio Nuclides in Drinking Water
- 1Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation, Government of India, New Delhi, India
Int. Res. J. Environment Sci., Volume 5, Issue (4), Pages 67-69, April,22 (2016)
The Research paper undertakes theoretical review of the characteristics of few radio nuclides in aqeous system. These radio nuclides have been identified due to their potential health effects and widespread concern. The radio nuclides are: Uranium, Tritium, Cesium-137, Radon, Strontium-90, Radium, Iodine-131, Technetium and Polonium-210.
- Baweja A.S., Joshi S.R. and Demayo A. (1987)., Radionuclide content of some Canadian surface waters: a report on the National Radionuclides Monitoring Program, 1981–1984., Water Quality Branch, Environment Canada, Ottawa.
- Kurttio P., Auvinen A., Salonen L., Saha H., Pekkanen J., Makelainen I., Vaisanen S.B., Penttila I.M., and Komulainen H. (2002)., Renal effects of uranium in drinking water., Environ Health Perspect. 110, 337-342.
- Houpert P., Bizert J.C., Bussy C., Dhieux B., Lestaevel P., Gourmelon P. and Paquet F. (2007)., Comparision of the effects of enriched uranium and Cs-137 on the behaviour of the rats after chronic exposure., International journal of Radiation Biology. 83. 99-104.
- Zapecza O.S. and Szabo Zoltan (1987)., Natural radioactivity in ground water: A review. U.S. Geological Survey National Water Summary 1986,, Ground-Water Quality: Hydrologic Conditions and Events: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Supply Paper 2325, 50–57.
- Kralik C., Friedrich M. and Vojir F. (2003)., Natural radionuclides in bottled water in Austria., Journal of Environmental Radioactivity. 65, 233-241.
- Hopke P.K., Borak T.B., Doull J., Cleaver J.E., Eckerman K.F., Gundersen L.C.S., Harley N.H., Hess C.T. , Kinner N.E., Kopecky K.J., McKone T.E., Sextro R.G. and Simon S.L. (2000)., Health risk due to Radon in drinking water., Env. Science Technology. 34, 921-926.
- Grignard E., Guéguen Y., Grison S., Lobaccaro J., Gourmelon P. and Souidi M. (2008)., In vivo effects of chronic contamination with 137 cesium on testicular and adrenal steroidogenesis., Endocrine Abstract, 16, 167-169.
- Mayers. C.J. (2003)., Modeling tritium transport through a deep unsaturated zone, M.S. thesis, Univ. of Nevada.,
- Prudic D.E., Stonestrom D.A. and Striegl R.G. (1997)., Tritium, deuterium, and oxygen-18 in water collected from unsaturated sediments near a low-level radioactive-waste burial site south of Beatty, Nevada, U.S. Geological Survey, Water-Resources Investigations Report 97-4062.
- Harada K., Burnett W.C., LaRock P. and Cowart J.B. (1989)., Polonium in Florida groundwater and its possible relationship to the sulfur cycle and bacteria., Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 53, 143–150.
- Scott B.R. (2007)., Health risk evaluations for ingestion exposure of humans to polonium-210., Dose-Response. 5(2), 94–122, 2007