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Engineered Nanoparticles (ENPs) in the Aquatic Environment: A Review

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Environmental Sciences, Jahangirnagar University, Savar, Dhaka-1342, Bangladesh

Int. Res. J. Environment Sci., Volume 5, Issue (3), Pages 75-79, March,22 (2016)

Abstract

Environmental behavior of engineered nanoparticles (ENPs) is an emerging area of research. Due to the widespread utilization and huge amount of production, ENPs will inevitably end up into the environment such as water and soil through waste disposal and unintentional release. So they are vital environmental concerns because they are more toxic and chemically active per unit mass than their bulk counterparts. But environmental fate and behavior of ENPs presents a crucial obstacle in developing a holistic view of the fate and transport of nanomaterials within the environment and therefore environmental exposure. With respect to the aquatic environment, most nanomaterials interact with natural organic matter (NOM) and other materials found in the aqutic systems that influence the fate and transport of ENPs in water and may also be of significance for their effects on biological systems. This review addresses the better understanding of environmental behavior and fate of ENPs in aquatic environments and their physical and chemical characteristics with toxicity factors.

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