Study on Pond Bottom Soil Physico-Chemical Properties inTraditional-Intensive Aquaculture System of BLUPPB Karawang, Indonesia
- 1Dept. of Environmental Science, Diponegoro University, Jl. Imam Bardjo, SH No.3-5 Semarang, Central Java, Indonesia
- 2Dept. Fisheries and Marine Sciences, Diponegoro University, Jalan Prof. H. Soedarto, SH–Tembalang, Semarang 50275, Indonesia
- 33Dept. of Mathematics and Natural Science, Semarang State University, Campus Unnes Sekaran, Gunungpati, Semarang, 50229, Indonesia
Int. Res. J. Environment Sci., Volume 5, Issue (2), Pages 19-26, February,22 (2016)
Pond sediment quality is one of the important factors in the success of aquaculture activities. This study aimsat assessing ponds bottom soil physico-chemical properties of traditional and intensive aquaculture systems. Each pond with an area of 4000 m2was used as sample consisting of five earthen ponds of L. vannamei intensive shrimp farming (VNE), fiveL. vanamei intensive shrimp ponds lined plastic mulch (VNP), five traditional polyculture ponds (Poly), and 5 traditional milkfish nursery ponds (MN). Core tube was used to take 5-10 cm depth of pond bottom soil from the edge to center of each pond. Soil data were statistically analysed using ANOVA and post hoc HSD Tukey. The result showed that ponds clay content, total phosphorus, iron, calcium, potassium and magnesium includedin very high criteria and parameters while sand, c-organic C: N ratio included in very low criteria.Soil pH, CEC, redox potential, and bulk density were in intensive systems while total nitrogen and total sulfur were still in optimum criteria for aquaculture. Aquaculture systems significantly (p<5%) affected pondssoil quality parameters of bulk density, c-organic, total N, C:N ratio, total S, and total P. Efforts are needed to improve soil quality conditions based on the status of physico-chemical parameters.
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