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Sustainable Management of Household Solid Waste of Urban Area: A Case Study on Kushtia Municipality in Bangladesh

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Environmental Science and Technology, Jessore University of Science and Technology, Jessore 7408, Bangladesh
  • 2Department of Environmental Science and Technology, Jessore University of Science and Technology, Jessore 7408, Bangladesh
  • 3Department of Environmental Science and Technology, Jessore University of Science and Technology, Jessore 7408, Bangladesh
  • 4Department of Environmental Science and Technology, Jessore University of Science and Technology, Jessore 7408, Bangladesh

Int. Res. J. Environment Sci., Volume 5, Issue (2), Pages 67-74, February,22 (2016)

Abstract

Household solid waste management is a problematic issue in the urban area. Urbanization, improper management approach, and limited funding are the main barrier for achieving these difficulties. The main objectives of this is to examine the types and current amount of wastes generated, assessment of existing solid waste management system and finally suggested a sustainable management system of household solid waste for municipal area. Total 100 respondent answers were collected randomly from 10 wards in the kushtia municipal area through a defined questionnaire. Filed observation and informal discussions also conducted municipality worker, authority and others for knowing the existing management system. Qualitative field data represent that about 31% households produced 4-5kg waste per day and the majority percentages were organic waste (55%). Owing to unawareness about 79% households was not segregated their waste at home and 56% households performed their waste collection activates due to lack of municipal worker facilities. Though 63% wastes were stored in the municipal dust bin, but 25% waste was thrown on the road side and 12% were anywhere. Sixty six percentage wastes were transported by Small open pick up. Open dumping (87%) were common as a result various types of problems (odor problem 54%, unhygienic condition (23%), the insect problem (13%) and footpath blockage 10%) were faced by urban dwellers. Results drawn from this research and suggested a sustainable management system will be useful for a municipal authority and planners, for proper management of solid waste and environmental sound city management.

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