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Vulnerability of the Populations of the Fifth District of Cotonou to Sanitary Risks Related to Cement Production (Benin, West Africa)

Author Affiliations

  • 1Laboratory of Research in Biochemistry and Toxicology of the environment (LaRBiTE), Department of Biochemistry and Cellular Biology, Faculty of Sciences and Techniques (FAST), University of Abomey-Calavi (UAC), BP 2899 Abomey-calavi, Benin and Department of Geography and regional development, Faculty of Letters, Arts and Humanities (FLASH), University of Abomey-calavi, BP 2899 Abomey-Calavi, Benin
  • 2Pierre PAGNEY Laboratory: Climate, Water, Ecosystems and Development (LaCEEDE), Faculty of Letters, Arts and Humanities (FLASH), University of Abomey- Calavi 01 BP 526, Cotonou, Benin and Department of Geography and regional development, Faculty of Letters, Arts and Humanities (FLASH), University of Abomey-calavi, BP 2899 Abomey-Calavi, Benin
  • 3Pierre PAGNEY Laboratory: Climate, Water, Ecosystems and Development (LaCEEDE), Faculty of Letters, Arts and Humanities (FLASH), University of Abomey- Calavi 01 BP 526, Cotonou, Benin and Department of Geography and regional development, Faculty of Letters, Arts and Humanities (FLASH), University of Abomey-calavi, BP 2899 Abomey-Calavi, Benin
  • 4Laboratory of Research in Biochemistry and Toxicology of the environment (LaRBiTE), Department of Biochemistry and Cellular Biology, Faculty of Sciences and Techniques (FAST), University of Abomey-Calavi (UAC), BP 2899 Abomey-calavi, Benin
  • 5Pierre PAGNEY Laboratory: Climate, Water, Ecosystems and Development (LaCEEDE), Faculty of Letters, Arts and Humanities (FLASH), University of Abomey- Calavi 01 BP 526, Cotonou, Benin and Department of Geography and regional development, Faculty of Letters, Arts and Humanities (FLASH), University of Abomey-calavi, BP 2899 Abomey-Calavi, Benin
  • 6National Water Institute, University of Abomey, Box 526 Cotonou, Benin

Int. Res. J. Environment Sci., Volume 5, Issue (12), Pages 60-66, December,22 (2016)

Abstract

Populations have lived closer industrial sites since a long time. But by the time, the coexistence of industrial sites and cities sometimes lead to major accidents with dramatic consequences. The study aims at evaluating the sanitary risks related to the production of cement by the Cements Society of Benin (SCB) on the populations of the fifth district of Cotonou. Socio-anthropogenic investigations based on individual techniques of interview and direct observation allowed to identify the sanitary risks around the cement factory. The analysis of results is done from deductive method and descriptive approach. The results revealed that around the SCB, the populations experienced some diseases like respiratory pathologies (Asthma 67%, Sharp Respiratory Infections 88%), ophthalmic infections (41%) and dermatitis (48%). Based on those results, one can say that supplementary efforts of integrated investment remain to be done by the authorities and the cements society of Benin (SCB) for a reduction of the pollution sources.

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