Heavy metal accumulation in Pterisvittata L. growing on Abandoned Lime Kiln and Abandoned Coal Stockpile of Meghalaya, India
- 1Department of Environmental Studies, North-Eastern Hill University, Shillong-793022, India
- 2Department of Botany, Tripura University, Agartala-799130, India
- 3Department of Zoology, Shillong College, Shillong-793003, India
- 4Department of Environmental Studies, North-Eastern Hill University, Shillong-793022, India
Int. Res. J. Environment Sci., Volume 5, Issue (11), Pages 41-46, November,22 (2016)
The objective of the study was to assess the ability of P. vittata to accumulate Arsenic (As) from a mixed heavy metals soil contaminations in the Abandoned Lime Kiln (ALK) and Abandoned Coal Stockpile (ACS). The results showed that metal concentrations in the soil are of descending order Ca>Fe>Mg>Se>As>Na>Mn>Zn >Pb>Cu>Cr>Ni>Co in ALK and Fe>Mg>Zn>Mn>Se>Na> As>Ca>Pb>Cu>Ni=Cr>Co in ACS. As concentration in the soils of these two study sites have a relatively low As content and P. vittata could efficiently accumulates As to its roots and fronds parts from soils with low As concentration. An Enrichment Coefficient (EC) and Translocation Factor (TF) indicate a plant’s ability for phytoremediation. The EF value of Co, Zn, Ni, Ca, Mg, Se, As, and Na was found to have an EF value greater than 1 which can be considered that P. vittata as a good accumulator of these metals in a mixed metals soil contamination. The TF values >1 was found for As, Pb, Mn, Fe, Se, Ni, Zn, Na, Co and Mg which indicates that P. vittata was efficient to accumulate more than one metal and translocate metals from soil to shoots. As-phytoremediation efficiency of P. vittata in a mixed metals soil contamination may be influence by the presence of other metals like Ca, Fe, Se, Mg, and Cu in the soil.
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