Heavy metals concentration Assessment in Ground water and General public Health aspects around Granite mining sites of Laxman pura, U.P., Jhansi, India
- 1Department of Applied Science, N.S.I.T, Bihta, Patna, Bihar, INDIA
- 2Department of Civil Engineering, N.S.I.T, Bihta, Patna, Bihar, INDIA
- 3Department of Civil Engineering, N.S.I.T, Bihta, Patna, Bihar, INDIA
Int. Res. J. Environment Sci., Volume 5, Issue (1), Pages 1-6, January,22 (2016)
Ground water analyzed in granite mining sites at Jhansi to check the current status of heavy metal ions and their sources. Samples of groundwater where collected from various mining sites as well as from residential sites for analysis. In study areas near by 30 crushers were running. The location is situated at 10 km north-east of Jhansi city. Three samples were collected from each mining and residential areas at various distances. Pb, Zn, Cu, Mn, Ni, and Cd, heavy metal concentrations have been analyzed in groundwater. The results shows all the parameters are more or less within permissible limits of WHO.
- Moncur M.C., Ptacek C.J., Blowes D.W. and Jambor J.L.(2005), Release, transport, and attenuation of metals froman old tailings impoundment, Applied Geochemistry, 20639 659.
- Duruibe J.O., Ogwuegbu M.O.C. and Egwurugwu J.N.(2007), Heavy metal pollution and human biotoxiceffects, International Journal of Physical Sciences, 2,112-118.
- Alloway B.J. (1990), Soil Processes and the Behaviour ofMetals, Son Inc., New York.
- Satyawali Y., Seuntjens P., Van Roy S., Joris I., VangeelS., Dejonghe W. and Vanbroekhoven K. (2011), Theaddition of organic carbon and nitrate affects reactivetransport of heavy metals in sandy aquifers, Journal ofContaminant Hydrology, 123, 83-93.
- Brown E., Skougstad M.W. and Fishman M.J. (1974), Method for Collection and Analysis of Water Sample forDissolved Minerals and Gases, US Department ofInterior, Book No., 5.
- Zietz B., Dieter H.H., Lakomek M., Schneider H.,Kessler-Gaedtke B. and Dunkelberg H. (2003), Epidemiological Investigation on chronic copper toxicityto children exposed via the public drinking water supply, Sci. Tot. Environ., 302, 127-144.
- WHO (2004), Copper in Drinking-water: BackgroundDocument for development of WHO Guidelines forDrinking-water Quality, World Health Organization,Geneva,http://www.who.int/water_sanitation_health/dwq/chemicals/copper.pdf (accessed September 8, 2005).
- WHO (1993), Guidelines for drinking water quality.Volume l Recommendations 2nd edition, World HealthOrganization, Geneva.
- Pearse T.D. (1996). T.D., Pearse Resource Consulting, Mining and the Environment, 14.
- Anon (1993). World Health Organization., Guidelines forDrinking Water Quality, Geneva.
- WHO (1985)., Guidelines or Drinking water Quality.Volume 3: Drinking water control in small CommunitySupplies, World Health Organization, Geneva.
- Swaine D.J. (1990)., Trace Elements in Coal, Butterworths, London, 290.
- Balek J. (1977)., Hydrology and water Resources inTropical Africa, Elsevier, Amsterdam.
- O, History and status of zinc in nutrition., Federation proceedings, 43:2821-2822.
- Jackson MJ et al. (1988)., Stable isotope metabolicstudies of zinc nutrition in slum-dwelling lactatingwomen in the Amazon valley., British journal of nutrition,59:193-203.
- Gillies ME and Paulin HV (1982)., Estimations of dailymineral intakes from drinking water., Human nutrition:Applied nutrition, 36, 287-292.
- IPCS Nickel (1991). Geneva, World HealthOrganization, International Programme on ChemicalSafety, (Environmental Health Criteria 108).
- RIVM (1994)., Attention substances in Dutchenvironmental policy. Bilthoven, Rijkinstitut voorVolksgezondheiden Milieuhygiene (National Institute ofPublic Health and Environmental Protection) (Report No.601014).
- Hopfer SM, Fay WP and Sunderman FW Jr. (1989)., Serum nickel concentrations in hemodialysis patientswith environmental exposure., Annals of clinicallaboratory science, 19, 161-167.
- Schwenk W. (1992)., Nickel transfer from CrNi stainlesssteel pipe work into potable water, GWF WasserAbwasser, 133, 281., 286.
- Grandjean P, Nielsen GD and Andersen O. (1989)., Human nickel exposure and chemobiokinetics. Nickeland the skin: immunology and toxicology. Boca Raton, FL, CRC Press, Inc., 9-35.
- Sunderman FW Jr et al. (1988)., Acute nickel toxicity inelectroplating workers who accidentally ingested asolution of nickel sulfate and nickel chloride., Americanjournal of industrial medicine, 14, 257-266.
- ATSDR (2000)., Toxicological profile for manganese.Atlanta, GA, United States Department of Health andHuman Services, Public Health Service, Agency forToxic Substances and Disease Registry.
- USGS (2001)., US Geological Survey National WaterQuality Assessment Data Warehouse., Available athttp://infotrek.er.usgs.gov/pls/nawqa/nawqa.home.
- Hurley LS and Keen CL. (1987). Manganese., In: MertzW, ed. Trace elements in human and animal nutrition, 5thed. Vol. 1. New York, NY, Academic Press, 185223.
- Greger JL (1999)., Nutrition versus toxicology ofmanganese in humans: Evaluation of potentialbiomarkers. Neuro Toxicology, 20, 205212.
- Schroeder HA, Balassa JJ and Tipton IH. (1966)., Essential trace metals in man: Manganese. A study inhomeostasis., Journal of Chronic Diseases, 19, 545571.
- Ros JPM and Slooff W. (1987)., Integrated criteriadocument. Cadmium. Bilthoven, National Institute ofPublic Health and Environmental Protection (Report No.758476004).
- Friberg L, Nordberg GF, Vouk VB, eds. (1986)., Handbook of the toxicology of metals. Vol. II.Amsterdam, Elsevier, 130184.
- Krajnc EI et al. (1987)., Integrated criteria document.Cadmium Effects. Appendix. Bilthoven, NationalInstitute of Public Health and Environmental Protection(Report No. 758476004).