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First Report on Unreported Macrofungal diversity of Vindhyan Region of Central India with special reference to Agaricales

Author Affiliations

  • 13 Department of Post Graduate, Studies and Research in Biological Science, Rani Durgawati University Jabalpur, 480221, INDIA
  • 2 School of Environmental Biology and Biotechnology, Awadhesh Pratap Singh University, Rewa, 486003, INDIA
  • 3 Department of Environmental Science and Technology, AKS University Satna 485001, INDIA

Int. Res. J. Environment Sci., Volume 4, Issue (8), Pages 50-59, August,22 (2015)

Abstract

Vindhyan region is very rich in biodiversity because of its variety of geology, land shapes like plateau, plane, valley and hill areas. There are varieties of climate and altitudinal variations compiled with varied ecological habitats. This region is still unexplored due to unawareness and less attention towards this subject. The study was first time conducted in this region to explore macrofungi which have socio-economic and medicinal importance. The study was conducted in 5 different sites from June 2012 to September 2013 which includes urban,rural as well as agricultural areas of Rewa region, Chuhiya region, Tyonthar region, Sohagi region forest and Semariya region. A total no of 37 mushroom species in 19 genera belonging to 13 families in 10 orders were first time recorded in this region. Shannon diversity index, Simpson diversity index and species richness was highest in Rewa region which were 1.3311, .9445 and 1.69 respectively. Several workers have studied the floristic composition previously but they have neglected fungi in their biodiversity studies. The floristic composition of this region has been studied earlier by several workers, but the fungi which forms an important component of the ecosystem has been largely neglected in biodiversity studies. The key objective of this survey was to study the diversity and distribution of different macrofungi of Vindhyan region.

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